2017/2204(INI)

Hong Kong, 20 years after handover. Recommendation to the Council, the Commission, and the EEAS

Procedure completed

2017/2204(INI) Hong Kong, 20 years after handover. Recommendation to the Council, the Commission, and the EEAS
RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET SMITH Alyn (Verts/ALE) ŠUICA Dubravka (EPP), PICULA Tonino (S&D), BELDER Bas (ECR), PAET Urmas (ALDE), SCHOLZ Helmut (GUE/NGL), CASTALDO Fabio Massimo (EFD)
Lead committee dossier: AFET/8/11119
Legal Basis Rules of Procedure EP 011
Subjects
Links

Activites

  • 2017/12/13 Results of vote in Parliament
    • Results of vote in Parliament
    • T8-0495/2017 summary
  • 2017/12/12 Debate in Parliament
  • 2017/11/28 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
    • A8-0382/2017 summary
  • 2017/11/21 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2017/10/05 Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
91 2017/2204(INI) Hong Kong, 20 years after handover. Recommendation to the Council, the Commission, and the EEAS
2017/10/25 AFET 91 amendments...
source: PE-612.246

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2018-09-12
activities/2 added
date
2017-11-28
docs
  • url
    http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2017-0382&language=EN
    text
    • The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Alyn SMITH (Greens/EFA, UK) on a European Parliament recommendation to the Council, the Commission and the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy on Hong Kong, 20 years after handover.

      The recommendations on Hong Kong mark the 20th anniversary of Hong Kong handover from the United Kingdom to China on 1 July 1997. Members recalled that the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration guaranteed, and the 1990 Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) stipulates that Hong Kong will maintain the autonomy and independence of the executive, legislature and judiciary for 50 years after the handover of sovereignty. It made the following points in its recommendations tothe Council, the Commission and the Vice President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy:

      One China, but two systems: the committee confirmed that the EU and the European Parliament remain strong supporters of the ‘one country, two systems’ principle and Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy under China. This principle is of key importance for the further strengthening of present and future relations with the EU, and it should be underlined to Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and China that intervening in Hong Kong's internal affairs has the potential to undermine that principle and should therefore be avoided. Members condemned the constant interference of the PRC in Hong Kong’s internal affairs, which may put at risk the long-term viability of the ‘one country, two systems’ model.

      Bilateral dialogue: Members recommended that the EU reinforce bilateral dialogue with the Government of the Hong Kong SAR on a wide range of topics and policy areas, such as democracy, human rights, the rule of law, trade, investment, financial services, customs, the environment, climate change, research and education, to support the implementation of the ‘one country, two systems’ principle.

      Reform and elections: the report supported the start of a political reform process that grants the people of the SAR the right to elect and to be elected in the selection process for top leadership positions, and which reflects the majority view within Hong Kong public opinion. The Governments of Hong Kong and China must maintain their commitment and to build up momentum once again for the reform of universal suffrage in the future election of the Chief Executive and the members of the Legislative Council in Hong Kong, in order to have an election system that is democratic, fair, open and transparent.

      Press freedom and harassment of opposition political parties: Members expressed concern at the increasing harassment of opposition political parties and the refusal of the Companies Registry to register a number of pro-democracy groups. They condemned threats to the personal safety of pro-democracy politicians, including abductions and physical violence, as reported by some lawmakers.

      They also expressed concern at the steady deterioration of press freedom in Hong Kong, with growing pressure on the media, both print and electronic, increasing self-censorship with regard to covering sensitive issues on mainland China or concerning the Hong Kong Government, and the tightening of control over the sale of sensitive political books by monopolising ownership of almost all storefront bookshops.

      EU support: Members recommended that the EU find ways to support the independence of the judiciary which is under some pressure as well as support Hong Kong’s civil society, in particular organisations that uphold universal values, promote human rights and support the independence of the judiciary and press freedom.

      North Korea: lastly, Members noted with concern that the UN Panel of Experts on North Korea has established in its reports that Hong Kong is one of two business jurisdictions in which the largest share of North Korean-controlled front companies have been operating. Joint international ventures with North Korea are in violation of the most recent UN Security Council resolution (2388) and Members urged the Hong Kong authorities to address the concerns of the UN Panel of Experts on North Korea.

    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
    title
    A8-0382/2017
body
EP
type
Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
activities/3 added
date
2017-12-12
docs
  • url
    http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20171212&type=CRE
    type
    Debate in Parliament
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    Debate in Parliament
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EP
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Debate in Parliament
activities/4/docs added
  • url
    http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=30489&l=en
    type
    Results of vote in Parliament
    title
    Results of vote in Parliament
  • url
    http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0495
    text
    • The European Parliament adopted by 443 votes to 95, with 84 abstentions, a resolution on a European Parliament recommendation to the Council, the Commission and the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy on Hong Kong, 20 years after handover.

      The recommendations on Hong Kong mark the 20th anniversary of Hong Kong handover from the United Kingdom to China on 1 July 1997. Members recalled that the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration guaranteed, and the 1990 Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) stipulates that Hong Kong will maintain the autonomy and independence of the executive, legislature and judiciary for 50 years after the handover of sovereignty.

      The EU is Hong Kong’s second largest trading partner after mainland China. Hong Kong is the EU’s 14th largest trading partner in goods and a key partner for trade in services.

      Parliament recommended to the Council, the Commission and the Vice President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy to address the following issues:

      One China, but two systems: the EU and the European Parliament remain strong supporters of the ‘one country, two systems’ principle and Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy under China as laid down in the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration.

      This principle is of key importance for the further strengthening of present and future relations with the EU. Members condemned the constant interference of the PRC in Hong Kong’s internal affairs, which may put at risk the long-term viability of the ‘one country, two systems’ model.

      Bilateral dialogue: Parliament recommended that the EU reinforce bilateral dialogue with the Government of the Hong Kong SAR on a wide range of topics and policy areas, such as democracy, human rights, the rule of law, trade, investment, financial services, customs, the environment, climate change, research and education, to support the implementation of the ‘one country, two systems’ principle.

      Reform and elections: Parliament supported the start of a political reform process that grants the people of the SAR the right to elect and to be elected in the selection process for top leadership positions, and which reflects the majority view within Hong Kong public opinion. The Governments of Hong Kong and China must maintain their commitment and to build up momentum once again for the reform of universal suffrage in the future election of the Chief Executive and the members of the Legislative Council in Hong Kong, in order to have an election system that is democratic, fair, open and transparent.

      Democracy, multi-party politics and freedom of the press: Members expressed concern at the increasing harassment of opposition political parties and the refusal of the Companies Registry to register a number of pro-democracy groups. They condemned threats to the personal safety of pro-democracy politicians, including abductions and physical violence, as reported by some lawmakers.

      They also expressed concern at the steady deterioration of press freedom in Hong Kong, with growing pressure on the media, both print and electronic, increasing self-censorship with regard to covering sensitive issues on mainland China or concerning the Hong Kong Government, and the tightening of control over the sale of sensitive political books by monopolising ownership of almost all storefront bookshops.

      EU support: Members recommended that the EU find ways to support the independence of the judiciary which is under some pressure as well as support Hong Kong’s civil society, in particular organisations that uphold universal values, promote human rights and support the independence of the judiciary and press freedom.

      Tax co-operation: Parliament has asked for proposals on how to develop cooperation with the Hong Kong authorities in the area of tax transparency, including Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI), the combating of money laundering and terrorist funding.

      North Korea: lastly, Members noted with concern that the UN Panel of Experts on North Korea has established in its reports that Hong Kong is one of two business jurisdictions in which the largest share of North Korean-controlled front companies have been operating. The recalled that joint international ventures with North Korea are in violation of the most recent UN Security Council resolution (2388) and Members urged the Hong Kong authorities to address the concerns of the UN Panel of Experts on North Korea.

    type
    Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
    title
    T8-0495/2017
activities/4/type changed
Old
Vote in plenary scheduled
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Results of vote in Parliament
procedure/Modified legal basis changed
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Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 150
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Rules of Procedure EP 150
procedure/legal_basis/0 changed
Old
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 011
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Rules of Procedure EP 011
procedure/stage_reached changed
Old
Awaiting committee decision
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Procedure completed
2017-11-24
2017-11-16
2017-10-10

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