2017/0241(NLE)

EC/Comoros Fisheries Partnership Agreement: denunciation

Procedure completed

2017/0241(NLE) EC/Comoros Fisheries Partnership Agreement: denunciation
RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Opinion BUDG
Opinion DEVE NEUSER Norbert (S&D)
Lead PECH FERREIRA João (GUE/NGL) LOPE FONTAGNÉ Verónica (EPP), SERRÃO SANTOS Ricardo (S&D)
Lead committee dossier: PECH/8/11185
Legal Basis TFEU TFEU 043-p2, TFEU TFEU 218-p6a
Subjects
Links

Activites

  • 2018/05/24 Final act published in Official Journal
  • #3615
  • 2018/05/14 Council Meeting
  • 2018/05/14 End of procedure in Parliament
  • 2018/05/14 Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
  • 2018/03/15 Results of vote in Parliament
    • Results of vote in Parliament
    • T8-0082/2018 summary
  • 2018/03/14 Debate in Parliament
  • 2018/03/06 Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
    • A8-0058/2018 summary
    • BUDG
    • DEVE NEUSER Norbert S&D
    • PECH PECH/8/11185 FERREIRA João GUE/NGL
  • 2018/02/27 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2018/01/15 Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2017/12/05 Legislative proposal published
    • 14423/2017 summary
    • DG {u'url': u'http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/maritime-affairs-and-fisheries_en', u'title': u'Maritime Affairs and Fisheries'}, VELLA Karmenu
  • 2017/09/29 Initial legislative proposal published
    • COM(2017)0556 summary
    • DG {u'url': u'http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/maritime-affairs-and-fisheries_en', u'title': u'Maritime Affairs and Fisheries'}, VELLA Karmenu

Documents

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2018-09-12
activities/0/docs/0/text/0 changed
Old

PURPOSE: to denounce the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act. 

BACKGROUND: the Fisheries Partnership Agreement (FPA) between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros, which entered into force on 6 March 2008, shall apply for seven years from the date of its entry into force and is renewable for additional periods of seven years, unless notice of termination is given by either Party.

One of the objectives of the EU-Comoros FPA is to ensure that the measures for the conservation and management of fish stocks are effective, and that illegal, undeclared or unregulated (‘IUU’) fishing is prevented. It may be terminated by either Party in the event of serious circumstances such as the failure to comply with undertakings made with regard to combating IUU fishing.

Pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 (the IUU Regulation), the Commission is to identify third countries that it considers as non-cooperating countries in fighting IUU fishing. In accordance with the IUU Regulation, the Comoros was notified on 1 October 2015 by Commission Decision of the possibility of being identified as a non-cooperating third country in fighting illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.

The Commission opened a dialogue with the Comoros based on an action plan proposed by the Commission to the Comoros to rectify the shortcomings, such as:

  • the Comorian authorities' flag of convenience policy;
  • evidence of illegal fishing activities by the Comorian fleet;
  • the national authorities' poor or non-existent monitoring and control capacities;
  • the Comoros' outdated legal framework for fisheries.

Since the Comoros did not take the necessary remedial actions to solve the problems identified, they were identified as non-cooperating third countries by Commission Implementing Decision 2017/889. Following this identification the Comoros still failed take the necessary remedial action.

In accordance with the IUU Regulation, the Comoros has since been added, by Council Implementing Decision (EU) 2017/1332, to the list of non-cooperating third countries established by Implementing Decision 2014/170/EU on 11 July 2017.

The Commission is to propose the denunciation of any standing bilateral agreement with a non-cooperating third country which provides for termination of the agreement in case of failure to comply with undertakings made by that country with regard to combating IUU fishing.

CONTENT: the Commission proposes that the Council adopt a decision denouncing the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros, which entered into force on 6 March 2008.

This implies that it is incumbent on the Commission, on behalf of the EU, to notify the Comoros of the Council and the Union's decision to terminate the Partnership Agreement with six months notice and a consultation between the Parties before the agreement is terminated.

New

PURPOSE: to denounce the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act. 

BACKGROUND: the Fisheries Partnership Agreement (FPA) between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros, which entered into force on 6 March 2008, shall apply for seven years from the date of its entry into force and is renewable for additional periods of seven years, unless notice of termination is given by either Party.

One of the objectives of the EU-Comoros FPA is to ensure that the measures for the conservation and management of fish stocks are effective, and that illegal, undeclared or unregulated (‘IUU’) fishing is prevented. It may be terminated by either Party in the event of serious circumstances such as the failure to comply with undertakings made with regard to combating IUU fishing.

Pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 (the IUU Regulation), the Commission is to identify third countries that it considers as non-cooperating countries in fighting IUU fishing. In accordance with the IUU Regulation, the Comoros was notified on 1 October 2015 by Commission Decision of the possibility of being identified as a non-cooperating third country in fighting illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.

The Commission opened a dialogue with the Comoros based on an action plan proposed by the Commission to the Comoros to rectify the shortcomings, such as:

  • the Comorian authorities' flag of convenience policy;
  • evidence of illegal fishing activities by the Comorian fleet;
  • the national authorities' poor or non-existent monitoring and control capacities;
  • the Comoros' outdated legal framework for fisheries.

Since the Comoros did not take the necessary remedial actions to solve the problems identified, they were identified as non-cooperating third countries by Commission Implementing Decision 2017/889. Following this identification the Comoros still failed take the necessary remedial action.

In accordance with the IUU Regulation, the Comoros has since been added, by Council Implementing Decision (EU) 2017/1332, to the list of non-cooperating third countries established by Implementing Decision 2014/170/EU on 11 July 2017.

The Commission is to propose the denunciation of any standing bilateral agreement with a non-cooperating third country which provides for termination of the agreement in case of failure to comply with undertakings made by that country with regard to combating IUU fishing.

CONTENT: the Commission proposes that the Council adopt a decision denouncing the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros, which entered into force on 6 March 2008.

This implies that it is incumbent on the Commission, on behalf of the EU, to notify the Comoros of the Council and the Union's decision to terminate the Partnership Agreement with six months notice and a consultation between the Parties before the agreement is terminated.

activities/0/docs/0/type changed
Old
Legislative proposal published
New
Initial legislative proposal published
activities/0/type changed
Old
Legislative proposal published
New
Initial legislative proposal published
activities/1 added
date
2017-12-05
docs
  • url
    http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=14423%2F17&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC
    text
    • PURPOSE: to denounce the Partnership Agreement in the fisheries sector between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros. 

      PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

      ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act. 

      BACKGROUND: the Fisheries Partnership Agreement (FPA) between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros, which entered into force on 6 March 2008, shall apply for seven years from the date of its entry into force and is renewable for additional periods of seven years, unless notice of termination is given by either Party.

      One of the objectives of the EU-Comoros FPA is to ensure that the measures for the conservation and management of fish stocks are effective, and that illegal, undeclared or unregulated (‘IUU’) fishing is prevented. It may be terminated by either Party in the event of serious circumstances such as the failure to comply with undertakings made with regard to combating IUU fishing.

      Pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 (the IUU Regulation), the Commission is to identify third countries that it considers as non-cooperating countries in fighting IUU fishing. In accordance with the IUU Regulation, the Comoros was notified on 1 October 2015 by Commission Decision of the possibility of being identified as a non-cooperating third country in fighting illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.

      By that decision, the Commission opened a dialogue process with the Union of the Comoros. The Union of the Comoros failed to take the necessary remedial action within reasonable time.

      In view of the Union of the Comoros’ persistent failures to discharge its duties under international law as a flag, port, coastal or market State and to take action to prevent, deter and eliminate IUU fishing, the Union of the Comoros has been identified as a non-cooperating third country in fighting IUU fishing.

      Even after that identification, the Union of the Comoros still failed to take the necessary remedial action.

      By an implementing decision, Comoros was added to the list of non-cooperating third countries.

      Under the IUU Regulation, the Commission is to propose the denunciation of any standing bilateral fisheries agreement or fisheries partnership agreement with a non-cooperating third country, where that agreement provides for termination where that country failed to comply with undertakings with regard to combating IUU fishing.

      It is therefore appropriate to denounce the EU-Comoros FPA.

      CONTENT: with this proposed Decision, the Partnership Agreement in the fisheries sector between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros, which entered into force on 6 March 2008, shall be denounced.

      The Commission, on behalf of the European Union, should notify the Union of the Comoros of the denunciation.

      The denunciation should take effect six months after that notification.

      However, if the Union of the Comoros is withdrawn from the list of non-cooperating third countries before the denunciation takes effect, the denunciation should be withdrawn and the Commission should immediately notify this withdrawal to the Union of the Comoros.

    type
    Legislative proposal published
    title
    14423/2017
type
Legislative proposal published
body
EC
commission
  • DG
    Commissioner
    VELLA Karmenu
activities/2 added
date
2018-01-15
body
EP
type
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
committees
activities/3 added
date
2018-02-27
body
EP
type
Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
committees
activities/4 added
body
EP
docs
  • url
    http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0058&language=EN
    text
    • The Committee on Fisheries adopted the report by João FERREIRA (GUE/NGL, PT) on the draft Council decision denouncing the Partnership Agreement in the fisheries sector between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros.

      The committee recommended that the European Parliament give its consent to the denunciation of the agreement.

      As a reminder, the draft Council decision aims to denounce the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros, which entered into force on 6 March 2008.

      As recalled by the explanatory statement accompanying the recommendation, the Agreement under review in this report involved a total financial contribution of EUR 1 845 750, around 49% of which was earmarked for sectoral support. The Agreement allowed 45 licences to be granted for tuna seiners and 25 for surface longliners (shared between Spain, France and Portugal).

      Notwithstanding the conditions laid down in the agreement and the associated protocol, its implementation was affected by various constraints – particularly relating to piracy – that meant that these fishing licences were not used.

      At the same time, the Comoros’ involvement in operations in breach of the Regulation on illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU), in particular by allowing the reflagging of vessels involved in IUU fishing, led the EU to notify the Comoros in October 2015 of the possibility of its being identified as a non-cooperating country – which indeed happened in May and June 2017 (when it received a ‘red card’).

      In the absence of any reaction by the Comorian authorities throughout this process, the Commission and Council are proposing that the agreement be denounced.

      Although the rapporteur sees no reason to disagree with this denunciation of the agreement, he called for progress to made as  regards promoting transfers that will enable the Comoros, among other things, to:

      • improve its system for fisheries administration and governance in legal terms and with regard to the institutional structure, capacity building for human resources (fishermen, scientists, inspectors, etc.), and the commercial and cultural value of the Comoros’ traditional gear and fish;
      • develop its capacities with regard to monitoring and scientific assessment, coastal protection, inspection, surveillance and quality control;
      • create or renovate facilities for refrigerating, distributing and processing fish;
      • construct and upgrade landing and security infrastructure at ports and harbours;
      • promote the renewal of the small-scale fleet to improve safety, ability to remain at sea and fishing capacity.

      The rapporteur took the view that sustainable fisheries agreements signed by the EU with third countries must be mutually beneficial and prioritise action to strengthen third countries’ sovereignty over their fisheries, the development of related economic activities and protection for maritime resources, fishing communities and fishery workers.

    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
    title
    A8-0058/2018
type
Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
committees
date
2018-03-06
activities/5 added
date
2018-03-14
docs
  • url
    http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20180314&type=CRE
    type
    Debate in Parliament
    title
    Debate in Parliament
body
EP
type
Debate in Parliament
activities/6 added
date
2018-03-15
docs
body
EP
type
Results of vote in Parliament
activities/7 added
date
2018-05-14
body
CSL
type
Council Meeting
council
General Affairs
meeting_id
3615
activities/8/date changed
Old
2018-02-26
New
2018-05-14
activities/8/type changed
Old
Vote scheduled in committee, 1st reading/single reading
New
End of procedure in Parliament
activities/9 added
date
2018-05-14
body
EP/CSL
type
Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
activities/10 added
date
2018-05-24
text
  • PURPOSE: to denounce the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros.

    NON-LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Decision (EU) 2018/757 denouncing the Partnership Agreement in the fisheries sector between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros.

    CONTENT: the Council adopted a Decision denouncing the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Union of the Comoros.

    One of the objectives of the EU-Comoros FPA is to ensure that the measures for the conservation and management of fish stocks are effective, and that illegal, undeclared or unregulated (‘IUU’) fishing is prevented. It may be terminated by either Party in the event of serious circumstances such as the failure to comply with undertakings made with regard to combating IUU fishing.

    In view of the repeated non-compliance by the Comoros with its commitments to combat IUU fishing, the Council decided to denounce the existing FPA.

    The Commission, on behalf of the European Union, shall notify the Union of the Comoros of the denunciation. The denunciation shall take effect six months after that notification.

    However, if the Union of the Comoros is withdrawn from the list of non-cooperating third countries under Article 33 of Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 (IUU Regulation) before the denunciation takes effect, the denunciation should be withdrawn and the Commission shall immediately notify this withdrawal to the Union of the Comoros.

    ENTRY INTO FORCE: 25.5.2018.

type
Final act published in Official Journal
docs
committees/1/date added 2017-12-11
committees/1/rapporteur added
  • group
    S&D
    name
    NEUSER Norbert
procedure/Modified legal basis added Rules of Procedure EP 150
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee added PECH/8/11185
procedure/final added
url
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32018D0757
title
Decision 2018/757
procedure/stage_reached changed
Old
Preparatory phase in Parliament
New
Procedure completed
2017-11-16
2017-11-08
2017-10-27
2017-10-17
2017-10-14
2017-10-12
2017-10-05

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