2016/0142(COD)

Third countries whose nationals are subject to or exempt from a visa requirement: suspension mechanism

Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation

2016/0142(COD) Third countries whose nationals are subject to or exempt from a visa requirement: suspension mechanism
RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Opinion AFET
Lead LIBE DÍAZ DE MERA GARCÍA CONSUEGRA Agustín (EPP) SIPPEL Birgit (S&D), MACOVEI Monica (ECR), JEŽEK Petr (ALDE), VERGIAT Marie-Christine (GUE/NGL), VALERO Bodil (Verts/ALE), VON STORCH Beatrix (EFD)
Lead committee dossier: LIBE/8/06526
Legal Basis TFEU TFEU 077-p2
Subjects
Links

Activites

  • 2016/12/15 Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
    • T8-0508/2016 summary
  • 2016/12/14 Debate in Parliament
  • 2016/07/18 Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
    • A8-0235/2016 summary
    • AFET
    • LIBE LIBE/8/06526 DÍAZ DE MERA GARCÍA CONSUEGRA Agustín EPP
  • 2016/07/07 Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee
  • 2016/07/07 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • #3465
  • 2016/05/20 Council Meeting
  • 2016/05/12 Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2016/05/04 Legislative proposal published
    • COM(2016)0290 summary
    • DG {u'url': u'http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/', u'title': u'Migration and Home Affairs'}, AVRAMOPOULOS Dimitris

Documents

Votes

A8-0235/2016 - Agustín Díaz de Mera García Consuegra - Résolution législative

2016/12/15
Position Total ALDE ECR EFDD ENF GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 485 55 48 18 0 4 6 186 168 0 0
Against 132 0 0 16 27 39 10 0 0 40 0
Abstain 21 3 8 0 6 0 0 0 2 2 0
AmendmentsDossier
109 2016/0142(COD) Third countries whose nationals are subject to or exempt from a visa requirement: suspension mechanism
2016/06/01 LIBE, LIBE 9 amendments...
source: PE-584.091
2016/06/22 LIBE 50 amendments...
source: PE-585.487
2016/07/04 LIBE 50 amendments...
source: PE-585.487

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2016-12-22
activities/7/docs/0/text added
  • The European Parliament adopted by 485 votes to 132 with 21 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement (revision of the suspension mechanism).

    The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows:

    Suspension of the exemption from the visa requirement: it is proposed that, by way of derogation from Article 1(2) of Regulation (EC) No 539/2001, the exemption from the visa requirement for nationals of a third country listed in Annex II of the Regulation shall be temporarily suspended as a last resort, based on strict and objective data, such as the following:

    • a substantial increase in the number of nationals of that third country refused entry or found to be staying in the Member State's territory without a right thereto;
    • a substantial increase in the number of asylum applications from the nationals of that third country for which the recognition rate is low (around 3 or 4% maximum or less if the Commission considers this applicable);
    • a decrease of cooperation on readmission with that third country, substantiated by adequate data, in particular a substantial increase in the refusal rate of readmission applications submitted by the Member State to that third country for its own nationals;
    • an increase of risks or imminent threat to public policy or internal security of Member States, in particular a substantial increase of serious criminal offences, related to nationals of that third country, substantiated by objective, concrete and relevant information and data provided by competent authorities.

    A ‘substantial increase’ indicates an increase exceeding a threshold of 50 %, or a lower increase if the Commission deems it applicable.

    Before taking any decision on suspension, the Commission should take into account the situation of human rights in that third country and the possible consequences of a suspension of the visa exemption for that situation.

    Notification: the notification of suspension shall state the reasons on which it is based and shall include relevant data and statistics as well as a detailed explanation of the preliminary measures that the Member State concerned has taken with a view to remedying the situation. The Member State concerned may in its notification specify which categories of nationals of the third country should be covered, indicating the detailed reasons therefor. The Commission shall inform the European Parliament and the Council.

    Justifying decisions: there are provisions allowing the Commission to take the necessary measures once it has concrete and reliable information taking into account relevant data, reports and statistics, of circumstances justifying the decision on exemption.

    The Commission shall inform the European Parliament and the Council promptly, of its analysis.

    Monitoring the criteria used in the visa liberalisation with third countries scheme: it is provided that the Commission shall monitor the continuous fulfilment of the specific requirements that were used to assess the appropriateness of a visa liberalisation by the third countries whose nationals are exempt from the visa requirement when travelling to the territory of Member States.

    The Commission shall report regularly to the European Parliament and the Council at least once a year, for a period of seven years after the entry into force of visa liberalisation for that third country, or thereafter when the Commission considers it necessary or upon request by the European Parliament or the Council. The report shall focus on third countries for which the Commission considers, based on concrete and reliable information, that certain requirements are no longer fulfilled. Where a report of the Commission shows that one or more of the specific requirements is no longer fulfilled in relation to a particular third country, certain measures shall apply.

    Mechanism for the application of the suspension of visa exemption: the Commission, on the basis of examination and analysis, and taking into account the consequences of a suspension of the exemption from the visa requirement for the external relations of the Union and its Member States with the third country concerned, may take the prescribed measures while working in close cooperation with that third country to find alternative long-term solutions

    These measures may also be taken where a simple majority of Member States have notified the Commission of circumstances referred to above.

    Implementing act: the Commission shall adopt an implementing act temporarily suspending the exemption from the visa requirement for the nationals of the third country concerned for a period of nine months. The suspension shall apply to certain categories of nationals of the third country concerned, by reference to the information available, and the Commission will try to efficiently contribute to addressing the circumstances justifying the suspension, while respecting the principle of proportionality. It shall adopt the implementing act within one month of being made aware of the relevant information and in accordance with the criteria set out in the Regulation.

    That implementing act shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure and shall determine the date on which the suspension of the exemption from the visa requirement is to take effect.

    During the period of suspension, the Commission shall establish an enhanced dialogue with the third country concerned with a view to remedying the circumstances in question.

    Delegated act: in order to ensure the adequate involvement of the European Parliament and of the Council in the application of the suspension mechanism, given the particularly sensitive political nature of the suspension of the exemption from the visa requirement for all the nationals of a third country listed in Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 and its horizontal implications for the Member States, the Schengen associated countries and the Union itself, in particular for their external relations and for the overall functioning of the Schengen area, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union is delegated to the Commission in respect of the temporary suspension of the exemption of the visa requirement for the nationals of the third countries concerned. The Commission should carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and the European Parliament and the Council should receive all documents at the same time and be informed before the decision is taken.

    Accordingly, if the circumstances justifying the first suspension of nine months persist, the Commission may adopt a delegated act at the latest two months prior to the expiry of the nine-month period, temporarily suspending the application of Annex II for a period of 18 months for all the nationals of the third country concerned.

    This may be extended by 6 months in the particular circumstances set out in the Regulation.

    During the periods of the suspension the nationals of the third country concerned shall be required to be in possession of a visa when crossing the external borders of the Member States.

    The power to adopt delegated acts shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from entry into force of the Regulation. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

    The Council or the European Parliament may revoke the delegation of power at any time. A delegated act shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object.

    Information for Parliament: before the end of the period of validity of the delegated act, the Commission, shall submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council, accompanied by a legislative proposal for amending the Regulation in order to transfer the reference to the third country concerned from Annex II to Annex I (third country under a visa obligation).

    Implementation report: 4 years after the entry into force of the Regulation, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council assessing the effectiveness of the suspension mechanism and shall, if necessary, submit a legislative proposal for amending this Regulation. The European Parliament and the Council shall act on such a proposal by the ordinary legislative procedure.

2016-12-18
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2016-07-13
2016-06-28
2016-05-25
2016-05-24
2016-05-21

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