2010/2304(INI)

European broadband: investing in digitally driven growth

Procedure completed

Activites

  • 2011/07/06 Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
    • T7-0322/2011 summary
    • Results of vote in Parliament
  • 2011/07/06 Commission response to text adopted in plenary
    • SP(2011)8297
    • DG Information Society and Media, KROES Neelie
  • 2011/06/06 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2011/06/06 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2011/05/26 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2011/03/23 Deadline Amendments
  • 2011/02/17 Committee draft report
  • 2010/12/16 Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2010/12/09 EP officialisation
  • 2010/09/20 Non-legislative basic document published
    • COM(2010)0472 summary
  • 2010/09/20 Date
  • 2010/09/20 Non-legislative basic document
    • COM(2010)0472 summary
    • DG Information Society and Media, KROES Neelie

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
297 2010/2304(INI) European broadband: investing in digitally driven growth
2011/03/24 REGI 59 amendments...
source: PE-460.929
2011/03/25 IMCO 205 amendments...
source: PE-460.945
2011/08/02 CULT 33 amendments...
source: PE-454.581

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2012-02-09
activities added
  • date
    2010-09-20
    docs
    • url
      http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2010&nu_doc=0472
      text
      • PURPOSE: to present a coherent framework for the attainment of the targets set out in the Digital Agenda with regard to broadband.

        BACKGROUND: there are about 124 million fixed and 25 million mobile broadband subscriber lines in the EU, which is one of the world leaders in first-generation broadband deployment. World demand for bandwidth has been growing at roughly 50-60 % per year driven by the extension of internet use.

        The Digital Agenda for Europe, a flagship initiative of the Europe 2020 strategy restated the objective endorsed by the European Council to bring basic broadband to all Europeans by 2013. By 2020, all Europeans should have access to internet of above 30 Megabits per second (Mbps) and 50% or more of European households have subscriptions above 100Mbps.  

        Next-generation terrestrial wireless services can offer transfer rates of over 30 Mbps and therefore meet the broadband coverage target. They are particularly important in regions with difficult terrain where wired access is impractical. Wireless connections via satellite could also play a role in these regions, but further technological development will be needed if satellite is to contribute to universal coverage at the target speed of 30 Mbps by 2020.  To reach these ambitious objectives it is necessary to develop a comprehensive policy, based on a mix of technologies and to monitor carefully progress over time. Substantial investment will be needed. Recent studies indicates that between EUR 38bn and EUR 58bn would be needed to achieve the 30 Mbps coverage for all by 2020 (using a mix of VDSL and next generation wireless) and between EUR 181bn and EUR 268bn to provide sufficient coverage so that 50% of households are on 100 Mbps services.

        With growing internet traffic and rising bandwidth demands, more efficient management of network resources is increasingly seen as important to the provision of high-speed broadband. A public consultation on the open internet and net neutrality was launched by the Commission on 30 June 2010. The Commission will report later this year on the outcome of this public consultation. It will also monitor further the functioning of the market from a consumer perspective (retail prices, choice problems, complaints, etc.).

        CONTENT: the main objective of this Communication is to assist further the actions of national and local authorities. It is presented as a broadband package with the two other broadband commitments made by the Commission in the Digital Agenda action on fast and ultra fast internet. These are (i) the Next Generation Access (NGA) Recommendation to provide regulatory guidance to national regulators and (ii) the Radio Spectrum Policy Programme to improve the coordination and management of spectrum and hence facilitate, among other things, the growth of wireless broadband.

        An EU broadband policy should promote concrete measures which could (i) foster investment by, for example, reducing investment costs and (ii) enhance infrastructure competition, taking into account that the competitive threat of alternative public and private investors (including local administrations and public utilities) would incentivise investments in NGA by incumbent operators. Such actions should be coordinated both at EU and national level.

        1) National Broadband Plans: all Member States have a broadband strategy but few have fully operational plans for ultrahigh speed networks with concrete implementing measures to realise their targets, notably as regards the necessary funding. The broadband target will only be achieved if all Member States commit to it and set out an operational plan defining national targets. As part of the governance of the Digital Agenda, the Commission will work with Member States to coordinate the establishment of national targets and will encourage peer-review processes among Member States in order to accelerate the transfer of best practice between policy makers. Member State plans should comprise a balanced set of policy actions to incentivise and supplement private-sector action.

        The Commission will review the national plans in 2011.

        2) Promoting investment and reducing investment costs: it is estimated that around 80% of the costs of deploying new fixed infrastructure are civil engineering costs which can be significantly reduced through a proper coordination by national and local authorities, using town planning rules and remedies mandating access to passive infrastructures. Wireless infrastructure costs can similarly be reduced by such measures.

        Moreover, national or local authorities can support broadband deployment through direct public investment or public financing in line with State aid rules. Public financing could help make high-speed networks feasible where costs would otherwise be unmanageable. Such public funding should be targeted so as to alleviate barriers to private investment.

        The Commission will undertake a review of existing cost reduction practices and report in 2012. It will also will develop and improve mechanisms to enable local actors to obtain relevant information to reduce investment costs.  

        3) Promoting wireless broadband: spectrum has been designated for electronic communication services, technically optimised in particular for wireless broadband access through several Commission Decisions, but in many Member States substantial parts of this spectrum are still subject to restrictions on assignment or parts of it have not been assigned at all.

        As demand for wireless services increases, the key priority will be to make effectively available to users those frequencies that have already been earmarked through harmonised allocations. Secondly, sufficient and appropriate spectrum for both the coverage and the capacity needs of wireless broadband technologies should be designated and made available to achieve the target set for 2020.Individual Member States could help achieve the broadband coverage target rapidly if they immediately adopted policies to: (i) make available sufficiently large bands of spectrum; (ii) award rights of use quickly; (iii) increase flexibility and competition; (iv) allow secondary trading to adapt to market developments.

        4) Reinforce and rationalise the use of the Structural and Rural Development Funds: in the 2007-2013 programming period, a total of EUR 2.3bn of Structural Funds was allocated to broadband infrastructure investments, and EUR 12.9bn to information society services. Expenditure figures for the Structural Funds show relatively slow absorption of funds targeted on broadband projects.

        To help expand the usage of Structural and Rural Development funds, both for broadband and other information society services, the Commission will: (i) publish, in 2011, guidance on broadband investment for local and regional authorities to encourage the full absorption of EU funds; (ii) engage more closely with regions, in view of helping them to reinforce their capacity to absorb funds; (iii) provide guidance on the use of funds from public-private partnerships (PPPs) and other financial instruments such as matching funds complementing the Operational Programmes of the European Structural Funds.

        5) Develop broadband finance instruments: the European Investment Bank (EIB) is already lending an average of EUR 2bn each year to economically viable broadband projects. EIB involvement is planned to increase as the Bank refocuses its lending strategy on the Europe 2020 priorities.

        Local and regional authorities are increasingly exploring alternative financing arrangements, including public-private partnerships (PPP), for financing broadband infrastructure. To support such PPPs, the EU and the EIB will make proposals by spring 2011 on ways to mobilise the know-how of the European PPP Expertise Centre (EPEC), an EIB TA/advisory instrument co-financed by the EIB and the EU Budget.

        In the context of the preparation of EU programmes under the next Multi-Annual Financial Framework and the role of the EIB, the Commission and the EIB will also, by spring 2011, set out concrete proposals for financing instruments to complement existing means of the financing of broadband infrastructure. Such instruments, which could be of debt, guarantee or equity type or a combination thereof, should match to the needs of investment projects in terms of flexibility, maturity and risk.  Until such an instrument is in place, the EIB will use available resources to develop and finance pilot projects and innovative funding schemes in duly justified cases.

      title
      COM(2010)0472
      type
      Non-legislative basic document published
      celexid
      CELEX:52010DC0472:EN
    body
    type
    Non-legislative basic document published
  • body
    EP
    date
    2010-09-20
    type
    Date
  • date
    2010-09-20
    docs
    • url
      http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2010&nu_doc=0472
      text
      • PURPOSE: to present a coherent framework for the attainment of the targets set out in the Digital Agenda with regard to broadband.

        BACKGROUND: there are about 124 million fixed and 25 million mobile broadband subscriber lines in the EU, which is one of the world leaders in first-generation broadband deployment. World demand for bandwidth has been growing at roughly 50-60 % per year driven by the extension of internet use.

        The Digital Agenda for Europe, a flagship initiative of the Europe 2020 strategy restated the objective endorsed by the European Council to bring basic broadband to all Europeans by 2013. By 2020, all Europeans should have access to internet of above 30 Megabits per second (Mbps) and 50% or more of European households have subscriptions above 100Mbps.  

        Next-generation terrestrial wireless services can offer transfer rates of over 30 Mbps and therefore meet the broadband coverage target. They are particularly important in regions with difficult terrain where wired access is impractical. Wireless connections via satellite could also play a role in these regions, but further technological development will be needed if satellite is to contribute to universal coverage at the target speed of 30 Mbps by 2020.  To reach these ambitious objectives it is necessary to develop a comprehensive policy, based on a mix of technologies and to monitor carefully progress over time. Substantial investment will be needed. Recent studies indicates that between EUR 38bn and EUR 58bn would be needed to achieve the 30 Mbps coverage for all by 2020 (using a mix of VDSL and next generation wireless) and between EUR 181bn and EUR 268bn to provide sufficient coverage so that 50% of households are on 100 Mbps services.

        With growing internet traffic and rising bandwidth demands, more efficient management of network resources is increasingly seen as important to the provision of high-speed broadband. A public consultation on the open internet and net neutrality was launched by the Commission on 30 June 2010. The Commission will report later this year on the outcome of this public consultation. It will also monitor further the functioning of the market from a consumer perspective (retail prices, choice problems, complaints, etc.).

        CONTENT: the main objective of this Communication is to assist further the actions of national and local authorities. It is presented as a broadband package with the two other broadband commitments made by the Commission in the Digital Agenda action on fast and ultra fast internet. These are (i) the Next Generation Access (NGA) Recommendation to provide regulatory guidance to national regulators and (ii) the Radio Spectrum Policy Programme to improve the coordination and management of spectrum and hence facilitate, among other things, the growth of wireless broadband.

        An EU broadband policy should promote concrete measures which could (i) foster investment by, for example, reducing investment costs and (ii) enhance infrastructure competition, taking into account that the competitive threat of alternative public and private investors (including local administrations and public utilities) would incentivise investments in NGA by incumbent operators. Such actions should be coordinated both at EU and national level.

        1) National Broadband Plans: all Member States have a broadband strategy but few have fully operational plans for ultrahigh speed networks with concrete implementing measures to realise their targets, notably as regards the necessary funding. The broadband target will only be achieved if all Member States commit to it and set out an operational plan defining national targets. As part of the governance of the Digital Agenda, the Commission will work with Member States to coordinate the establishment of national targets and will encourage peer-review processes among Member States in order to accelerate the transfer of best practice between policy makers. Member State plans should comprise a balanced set of policy actions to incentivise and supplement private-sector action.

        The Commission will review the national plans in 2011.

        2) Promoting investment and reducing investment costs: it is estimated that around 80% of the costs of deploying new fixed infrastructure are civil engineering costs which can be significantly reduced through a proper coordination by national and local authorities, using town planning rules and remedies mandating access to passive infrastructures. Wireless infrastructure costs can similarly be reduced by such measures.

        Moreover, national or local authorities can support broadband deployment through direct public investment or public financing in line with State aid rules. Public financing could help make high-speed networks feasible where costs would otherwise be unmanageable. Such public funding should be targeted so as to alleviate barriers to private investment.

        The Commission will undertake a review of existing cost reduction practices and report in 2012. It will also will develop and improve mechanisms to enable local actors to obtain relevant information to reduce investment costs.  

        3) Promoting wireless broadband: spectrum has been designated for electronic communication services, technically optimised in particular for wireless broadband access through several Commission Decisions, but in many Member States substantial parts of this spectrum are still subject to restrictions on assignment or parts of it have not been assigned at all.

        As demand for wireless services increases, the key priority will be to make effectively available to users those frequencies that have already been earmarked through harmonised allocations. Secondly, sufficient and appropriate spectrum for both the coverage and the capacity needs of wireless broadband technologies should be designated and made available to achieve the target set for 2020.Individual Member States could help achieve the broadband coverage target rapidly if they immediately adopted policies to: (i) make available sufficiently large bands of spectrum; (ii) award rights of use quickly; (iii) increase flexibility and competition; (iv) allow secondary trading to adapt to market developments.

        4) Reinforce and rationalise the use of the Structural and Rural Development Funds: in the 2007-2013 programming period, a total of EUR 2.3bn of Structural Funds was allocated to broadband infrastructure investments, and EUR 12.9bn to information society services. Expenditure figures for the Structural Funds show relatively slow absorption of funds targeted on broadband projects.

        To help expand the usage of Structural and Rural Development funds, both for broadband and other information society services, the Commission will: (i) publish, in 2011, guidance on broadband investment for local and regional authorities to encourage the full absorption of EU funds; (ii) engage more closely with regions, in view of helping them to reinforce their capacity to absorb funds; (iii) provide guidance on the use of funds from public-private partnerships (PPPs) and other financial instruments such as matching funds complementing the Operational Programmes of the European Structural Funds.

        5) Develop broadband finance instruments: the European Investment Bank (EIB) is already lending an average of EUR 2bn each year to economically viable broadband projects. EIB involvement is planned to increase as the Bank refocuses its lending strategy on the Europe 2020 priorities.

        Local and regional authorities are increasingly exploring alternative financing arrangements, including public-private partnerships (PPP), for financing broadband infrastructure. To support such PPPs, the EU and the EIB will make proposals by spring 2011 on ways to mobilise the know-how of the European PPP Expertise Centre (EPEC), an EIB TA/advisory instrument co-financed by the EIB and the EU Budget.

        In the context of the preparation of EU programmes under the next Multi-Annual Financial Framework and the role of the EIB, the Commission and the EIB will also, by spring 2011, set out concrete proposals for financing instruments to complement existing means of the financing of broadband infrastructure. Such instruments, which could be of debt, guarantee or equity type or a combination thereof, should match to the needs of investment projects in terms of flexibility, maturity and risk.  Until such an instrument is in place, the EIB will use available resources to develop and finance pilot projects and innovative funding schemes in duly justified cases.

      title
      COM(2010)0472
      type
      Non-legislative basic document
      celexid
      CELEX:52010DC0472:EN
    body
    EC
    commission
    • DG
      Information Society and Media
      Commissioner
      KROES Neelie
    type
    Non-legislative basic document
  • body
    EP
    date
    2010-12-09
    type
    EP officialisation
  • date
    2010-12-16
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
    committees
  • date
    2011-02-17
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE458.793
      type
      Committee draft report
      title
      PE458.793
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee draft report
  • body
    EP
    date
    2011-03-23
    type
    Deadline Amendments
  • date
    2011-05-26
    text
    • The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted the own-initiative report drafted by Niki TZAVELA (EFD, EL) on European Broadband: investing in digitally driven growth.

      (1) Broadband for all: Members consider that the objective must be to establish EU global leadership in ICT infrastructure. In order to achieve this objective, 100% of basic broadband coverage must be delivered to all Europeans by 2013, giving at least 2Mbps service to all users in rural areas and much higher speeds to users in other areas.

      The report insists on the following issues:

      ·        it is necessary to make best use of all available technologies, including mobile and satellite;

      ·        the future allocation of radio spectrum must pave the way for European leadership in wireless applications and new services;

      ·        facilitating the prompt exploitation of the 'Digital Dividend' for new mobile broadband services through a harmonised and technology-neutral pan-EU approach;

      ·        the Commission and the Member States should develop European and national programmes to facilitate and provide funding for access to broadband infrastructure for all teaching and research institutions by 2015;

      ·        Member States should: (i) promote and extend high-speed open-access connectivity to important public infrastructure (schools, hospitals and other public institutions) located in remote areas; (ii) implement public policies to support the introduction of new technologies; (iii) promote the introduction of digital teaching methods;

      ·        continue to develop joint technology initiatives in these areas, involving universities, research institutes, device manufacturers and service and content providers;

      ·        the Commission is urged to urgently present an appropriate proposal for a strategic plan containing a single framework for all aspects of EU cyber security;

      ·        lastly, Member States are invited to set national broadband plans and adopt operational plans with concrete measures to implement the 2013 and 2020 targets set in the Digital Agenda.

      (2) Broadband for economic growth, innovation and global competitiveness: the report emphasises that broadband services are key to the competitiveness of EU industry and greatly contribute to EU economic growth, social cohesion and quality employment, as well as to the participation of all regions and social groups in digital life in the EU. The successful implementation of the 'Broadband Package' is critical to tackling unemployment, particularly among young people, by the provision of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth in Europe.

      In this context, Members believe that the combination of competition and carefully selected targets, in both infrastructure and services, provides the best basis for sustainable investment, innovation and take-up. They recommend promoting a competitive market for investment in, and utilisation of fixed and wireless broadband infrastructure.

      The committee regrets that the EUR 1 billion in funding announced in 2008 in the European economic recovery plan with reference to 100% broadband coverage by the end of 2010 has not been allocated and that this objective has not been achieved. The Commission and the Member States to allocate the necessary amounts to achieve the target of ensuring 100% broadband coverage by 2013 when the current multiannual financial framework is reviewed.

      (3) Incentivising investment and competition: the report highlights the need for measures by Member States and the industry sector aimed at achieving broadband for all, to be focused on the demand side and to avoid distorting the market or creating an undue burden on the sector.

      Stressing that the cost of infrastructure investments needs to be financed by the market, Members note, however, that, where open infrastructure is unlikely to be installed through market forces within a reasonable period, the broadband state aid framework and targeted use of Community funds, including through the EIB, structural funds and EAFRD, may be the most progressive complementary means of accelerating broadband roll-out.

      The Commission is invited to provide a stable and consistent framework which supports competition and efficient investment in open networks and to allow the flexible allocation of EU funds within the respective programming periods.

      The report notes that in order to maximise broadband availability and adoption, EU policy must encourage the deployment of efficient and affordable networks, applications, access equipment, services and content. It encourages Member States to develop e-government, e-democracy, e-learning and e-health services, which will boost the demand for Broadband.

      Members welcome the Commission's proposal to explore new financing sources and innovative financing instruments. They continue to encourage appropriate public-sector investment and organisational models, in particular involving local authorities, public-private partnerships and tax incentive schemes for the roll-out of fast and ultra-fast networks. They stress the importance of government policies being coordinated at all levels.

      The Commission and the Member States are called upon to agree on an EU Broadband Deployment Pact with a view to coordinating national and European funding programmes and private investment more effectively.

      Members also call for the establishment of a single high-level EU task force with representation of all relevant stakeholders, including users and providers of electronic networks and services, to assist in developing a future ICT infrastructure strategy and specific information society services.

      (4) Consumer benefits: noting the Commission's intention to produce guidance on costing and non-discrimination, Members encourage the Commission to support competition in fast and ultra-fast networks and allow all operators fair access to the infrastructure, in order to ensure a wide choice of services, fair network access rates and affordable prices for consumers, and to incentivise efficient investment and rapid switchover to fast and ultra-fast networks.

      The report calls on the Commission and the Member States to address social digital exclusion and other impediments that have kept some populations offline, particularly low-income communities and people with disabilities, and to require all relevant stakeholders to provide: training and public access to broadband services, economic assistance for the acquisition of broadband services and equipment, and incentives for the development of technology and content aimed at specific users' needs.

      (5) E-Initiatives: promoting demand: the report calls for specific measures to be taken to ensure that SMEs can fully enjoy the potential of broadband in the fields of e-commerce and e-procurement. It also states that broadband deployment should be coupled with demand-awareness information and educational programmes.

      Members call on the Member States to step up efforts to address e-skills shortages at all educational levels and through lifelong education for all citizens. They support innovative broadband services directed towards the maritime sector.

    body
    EP
    committees
    type
    Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date
    2011-06-06
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2011-0221&language=EN
      type
      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
      title
      A7-0221/2011
    body
    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2011-06-06
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2011-0221&language=EN
      type
      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
      title
      A7-0221/2011
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2011-07-06
    docs
    body
    EP
    type
    Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
  • date
    2011-07-06
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/spdoc.do?i=20201&j=0&l=en
      type
      Commission response to text adopted in plenary
      title
      SP(2011)8297
    body
    EC
    commission
    • DG
      Information Society and Media
      Commissioner
      KROES Neelie
    type
    Commission response to text adopted in plenary
committees added
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    CULT
    date
    2010-09-27
    committee_full
    Culture and Education
    rapporteur
    • group
      Verts/ALE
      name
      BENARAB-ATTOU Malika
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee_full
    Economic and Monetary Affairs
    committee
    ECON
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee_full
    Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
    committee
    ENVI
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    IMCO
    date
    2010-12-01
    committee_full
    Internal Market and Consumer Protection
    rapporteur
    • group
      ECR
      name
      HARBOUR Malcolm
  • body
    EP
    shadows
    responsible
    True
    committee
    ITRE
    date
    2010-09-29
    committee_full
    Industry, Research and Energy
    rapporteur
    • group
      EFD
      name
      TZAVELA Niki
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    REGI
    date
    2010-10-28
    committee_full
    Regional Development
    rapporteur
    • group
      EPP
      name
      VERHEYEN Sabine
links added
other added
  • body
    EC
    dg
    Information Society and Media
    commissioner
    KROES Neelie
procedure added
dossier_of_the_committee
ITRE/7/04810
reference
2010/2304(INI)
title
European broadband: investing in digitally driven growth
legal_basis
  • Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 048
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Initiative
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject

code AGPLv3.0+, data ODBLv1.0, site-content CC-By-Sa-3.0
© European Union, 2011 – Source: European Parliament