2010/2208(INI)

Transport applications of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems - short and medium term EU policy

Procedure completed

2010/2208(INI) Transport applications of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems - short and medium term EU policy
RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Opinion ITRE GLANTE Norbert (S&D)
Lead TRAN ŢICĂU Silvia-Adriana (S&D) KUHN Werner (EPP), JENSEN Anne E. (ALDE), LICHTENBERGER Eva (Verts/ALE), FOSTER Jacqueline (ECR), KOHLÍČEK Jaromír (GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier: TRAN/7/03822
Legal Basis RoP 048
Subjects
Links

Activites

  • 2011/06/07 Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
    • T7-0250/2011 summary
    • Results of vote in Parliament
  • 2011/06/07 Commission response to text adopted in plenary
    • SP(2011)8071/2
    • DG Mobility and Transport, KALLAS Siim
  • 2011/03/24 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2011/03/24 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2011/03/15 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2011/02/08 Deadline Amendments
  • 2010/12/17 Committee draft report
  • #3057
  • 2010/12/10 Council Meeting
  • 2010/09/23 Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2010/09/15 EP officialisation
  • 2010/06/14 Document attached to the procedure
    • COM(2010)0308 summary
    • DG Mobility and Transport, KALLAS Siim

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
60 2010/2208(INI) Transport applications of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems - short and medium term EU policy
2010/12/15 ITRE 12 amendments...
source: PE-454.605
2011/09/02 TRAN 48 amendments...
source: PE-458.490

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2012-02-09
activities added
  • date
    2010-06-14
    docs
    • url
      http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2010&nu_doc=0308
      text
      • PURPOSE: to present an Action Plan on Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Applications.

        CONTENT: EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service), the European satellite-based augmentation system that paves the way for GALILEO, has been in service since 1 October 2009. Six months before, on behalf of the EU, the Commission took over from the European Space Agency (ESA) ownership of the system. With its three geostationary satellites and 40 ground stations spread over Europe and North Africa, EGNOS supplements the Global Positioning System (GPS), to which the US provided access for civilian use, with no guarantee of service, back in 2000. EGNOS offers free enhanced satellite navigation signals over Europe which are ten times more precise than GPS. All application domains which use positioning and velocity information can benefit from this improved accuracy: all transport modes through the management of infrastructure and the provision of geo-localised information, logistics, precision agriculture, civil protection and emergency management, mapping and land registry, fisheries, energy, management of natural resources, mining, Earth sciences, meteorology, the modelling of climate change, environment, justice and law enforcement, border control, etc.

        Another advantage EGNOS can offer civilian users is integrity, i.e. a measure of the trust which can be placed in the correctness of the information supplied by the system, with the user being automatically alerted whenever an error made by the system is beyond a certain confidence limit. Integrity plays an important role in Safety of Life applications in transport (all modes of transport, airport management, automatic vehicles), sensitive commercial applications (high-precision oil platform location, logistics, transport of dangerous goods), or liability-critical applications needing legal recourse (reconstruction of road accidents, road user charging, synchronisation of electrical or telecommunication networks).

        Together with the GPS signal, EGNOS today, and later GALILEO, strengthens the infrastructure leading to a global market for GNSS products and services, called downstream GNSS applications. In 2008, this was worth EUR 124 billion. The market is founded primarily on basic positioning and timing signals, but is expected to benefit from the planned introduction of authentication and encryption of signals. Experts predict that, in volume, 75 % (52% in revenues) of this market will come from products and services linked to mobile telecommunications and personal handsets, with a further 20 % (44% in revenues) from intelligent transport systems for road and the remaining 5 % (4% in revenues)from other domains of application.

        Despite Europe's investment in its GNSS infrastructure and the availability of EGNOS, European industry has only a low share of the global GNSS applications market compared with what it is capable of achieving in other sectors of high-technology (a good third). This is a problem since:

        • applications based on EGNOS and subsequently on GALILEO would make a decisive contribution to the development of a knowledge-based society and the creation of high value jobs in the EU. Europe will therefore be missing a huge opportunity if it does not take an appropriate share of the economic benefit expected from GNSS applications. Also, if GALILEO and EGNOS do not become the underlying GNSS standard in Europe, many application domains may remain shackled with technologies which prevent them from benefiting from the added-value of new advanced services;
        • the limited use of applications based on EGNOS and GALILEO leads to critical dependencies as GNSS are very pervasive, providing vital position, navigation, and timing information for a whole range of daily-life activities and for Europe's security and social and economic development. By relying only on GPS-based applications, the EU would be exposed to the potential non-availability of the GPS signal, which is beyond the EU's control since its primary objective is to support the military operations of a third country. In the same way as the Internet, the pervasiveness of GNSS services is huge.

        The most recent and conservative estimates of the overall benefits of EU GNSS programmes to EU industry, citizens and Member States are put at between EUR55 and EUR 63 billion over the next 20 years, with most important benefits arising from indirect revenues in the downstream industry (between EUR 37 billion and EUR 45 billion). As a consequence, the low uptake of applications based on EU GNSS is a problem that affects European society in general, and in many ways.  

        A detailed action plan is called for, to boost people's confidence in the programmes, to foster the development of EGNOS and GALILEO downstream applications, and to achieve the quickest, deepest, broadest development of applications across all domains so to reap maximum benefit from the EU's infrastructure.

        The Commission believes that European industry should reap maximum benefit from the investment made in the programmes. Coordinated action by the European Commission among Member States will draw as much attention as possible to the necessity of investment in research, ensure the widest possible dissemination of vital information and optimise awareness raising activities. This will avoid a conflict of standards and a duplication of efforts if undertaken by individual Member States.

        Main action points

        Through the 24 actions points listed in the plan, the Commission will co-ordinate activities in this domain. This process has led to focusing the action plan, for the period up to 2013, on the following domains in particular to take advantage of the improved accuracy of EGNOS: applications for individual handsets and mobile phones; road transport; aviation; maritime transport and fisheries; precision agriculture and environment protection; civil protection and surveillance.

        Among other things, the Commission will:

        • allocate EUR 38 million worth of FP7 funding to a broad spectrum of research proposals on GNSS application in 2011;
        • seek certification of EGNOS for aviation including Safety of Life; in conjunction with Eurocontrol target aircraft manufacturers, general aviation and small airports;
        • investigate possibilities for Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) and seek certification of Galileo for Intelligent Transport Systems while also targeting the road transport community;
        • promote Galileo and EGNOS-enabled chips and handsets;
        • establish an International EGNOS & Galileo Application Forum where users, developers, infrastructure managers and systems providers can exchange views on feeding into the evolution of the GNSS project.

        The focus of the GNSS Applications Action Plan is from 2010-2013 - though objectives extend beyond 2020. It clearly underpins official Commission priorities as laid out in the EU2020 Strategy and the EU flagship initiative 'An industrial policy for the globalisation era'.

        The Commission also emphasises the need for further EU R&D funding for GNSS applications in order to foster the development of applications based on EGNOS and Galileo, thereby ensuring Europe's independence from foreign, military-controlled systems.

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    text
    • The Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted the own-initiative report drafted by Silvia-AdrianaŢICĂU (S&D, RO) in response to the Commission communication on an Action Plan on Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Applications.

      It welcomes the Commission communication and the series of specific sectoral, regulatory and horizontal actions proposed therein. It agrees with the Commission that a targeted action plan is, at this point, the best option for giving a further impetus to the development and application of EGNOS and Galileo, particularly in the transport field. The committee stresses that satellite navigation systems should ensure interoperability between different systems (including conventional systems) and should also allow intermodal use in both passenger and freight transport services.

      Regretting that all of the European Union is not at this time covered by EGNOS, Members call for EGNOS system coverage to be extended to southern, eastern and south-eastern Europe as a matter of priority, so as to enable the system to be used throughout Europe in every transport sector, and stress the importance of ensuring that its coverage extends to both the MEDA countries and the Middle East and Africa.

      Of the 15 sectoral actions included in the Action Plan, 9 have an immediate and important transport application. The Commission is called upon to:

      • ensure swift certification of EGNOS for civil aviation through the competent authorities;
      • bring forward the necessary regulatory proposals to deliver GNSS added value for safety in all forms of transport, particularly on the roads, and to help improve freight transport efficiency;
      • intensify industrial cooperation with non-EU countries with a view to promoting the development and interoperability of EGNOS and Galileo applications and services;
      • make a careful appraisal of the need to amend existing legislation on digital tachographs in order to ensure that the opportunities for positioning and speed information offered by GNSS are used appropriately;
      • take steps to increase awareness and improve knowledge of possible GNSS applications in the maritime and inland waterway sectors;
      • efficiently implement the strong awareness-raising measures set out in the Action Plan, in order to secure the extensive use of EGNOS in Europe;
      • examine what data protection concerns might arise with the use of EGNOS applications and services and to do all it can to dispel these.

      The report insists that the Commission should propose, in the context of the budgetary procedure and the future multiannual financial framework (MFF), steps to ensure adequate levels of funding for GNSS research and development, as well as for implementation. It renews its call, regarding both this specific project and similar projects, such as the TEN-Ts, for the Commission to submit a multiannual financing proposal going beyond the period of the MFF, in order to provide a stable and reliable financial framework for more ambitious European projects whose scope exceeds the present bounds.

      The committee also calls on the Commission to come forward with a comprehensive funding strategy which in addition to adequate EU and Member State contributions, could include, inter alia, coordinated tax incentives, simplified grant application procedures, and arrangements that could channel venture capital to SMEs and facilitate the development and marketing of EGNOS and Galileo applications, in cooperation with the European Investment Bank and the European Investment Fund.

      Lastly, the report regrets that the shortage of funds allocated to research and innovation for applications based on EGNOS or Galileo is considerably delaying technological progress and the growth of industrial capacity, as well as environmentally effective implementation, in the European Union. It therefore urges the Commission to introduce arrangements enabling small and medium-sized enterprises to gain access to funding more readily.

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    2011-03-24
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      GLANTE Norbert
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links added
other added
  • body
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    Mobility and Transport
    commissioner
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procedure added
dossier_of_the_committee
TRAN/7/03822
reference
2010/2208(INI)
title
Transport applications of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems - short and medium term EU policy
legal_basis
  • Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 048
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Initiative
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject

code AGPLv3.0+, data ODBLv1.0, site-content CC-By-Sa-3.0
© European Union, 2011 – Source: European Parliament