2010/2202(INI)

Annual Report on Human Rights in the World 2009 and the European Union's policy on the matter

Procedure completed

2010/2202(INI) Annual Report on Human Rights in the World 2009 and the European Union's policy on the matter
RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET ANDRIKIENĖ Laima Liucija (EPP)
Lead committee dossier: AFET/7/03504
Legal Basis RoP 119-p2
Subjects
Links

Activites

  • 2010/12/16 Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
    • T7-0489/2010 summary
    • Results of vote in Parliament
  • 2010/12/16 Commission response to text adopted in plenary
    • SP(2011)1737/2
    • DG External Relations, ASHTON Catherine
  • 2010/12/15 Debate in Parliament
  • 2010/11/23 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2010/11/23 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2010/11/09 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2010/10/07 Deadline Amendments
  • 2010/09/23 Committee draft report
  • 2010/09/07 EP officialisation

Documents

Votes

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 10

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 245 4 0 11 23 5 1 152 49 0
Against 348 66 39 7 0 15 221 0 0 0
Abstain 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 11

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 302 70 0 0 25 8 0 155 44 0
Against 282 1 39 13 0 11 218 0 0 0
Abstain 9 0 0 5 0 1 2 1 0 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 12

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 138 6 0 2 25 9 22 27 47 0
Against 457 65 39 15 0 9 201 128 0 0
Abstain 5 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 2 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 2=5

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 338 71 20 2 21 3 15 157 49 0
Against 234 0 14 11 0 14 195 0 0 0
Abstain 21 0 4 5 4 2 6 0 0 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 3

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 544 71 12 14 24 11 214 151 47 0
Against 34 0 18 0 0 9 7 0 0 0
Abstain 15 0 7 4 0 0 0 3 1 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 8

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 129 1 38 0 22 3 1 18 46 0
Against 455 70 0 17 0 14 219 134 1 0
Abstain 9 0 0 1 2 1 0 4 1 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 13

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 271 24 7 4 23 15 45 104 49 0
Against 294 47 32 13 0 3 175 24 0 0
Abstain 28 0 0 1 1 1 1 24 0 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 14

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 97 5 2 5 19 13 1 5 47 0
Against 482 64 37 11 0 6 216 147 1 0
Abstain 8 0 0 2 2 1 1 2 0 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 15

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 77 3 0 1 21 4 0 0 48 0
Against 502 66 39 15 0 14 218 149 1 0
Abstain 9 0 0 2 3 2 0 2 0 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 9 S

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 188 2 0 0 21 5 1 146 13 0
Against 393 68 39 18 0 12 222 7 27 0
Abstain 14 0 0 0 2 3 0 2 7 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 17

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 100 3 0 10 24 5 2 9 47 0
Against 488 66 38 6 1 13 218 145 1 0
Abstain 7 1 0 2 0 2 0 2 0 0

Rapport Andrikiené A7-0339/2010 - Am 20

2010/12/16
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 99 8 8 2 24 8 1 0 48 0
Against 488 61 31 14 0 7 221 153 1 0
Abstain 8 0 0 2 0 5 0 1 0 0
AmendmentsDossier
423 2010/2202(INI) Annual Report on Human Rights in the World 2009 and the European Union's policy on the matter
2010/10/18 AFET 423 amendments...
source: PE-450.657

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2012-02-09
activities added
  • body
    EP
    date
    2010-09-07
    type
    EP officialisation
  • date
    2010-09-23
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE448.819
      type
      Committee draft report
      title
      PE448.819
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee draft report
  • body
    EP
    date
    2010-10-07
    type
    Deadline Amendments
  • date
    2010-11-09
    text
    • The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the report drafted by ANDRIKIENĖ (EPP, LT) on the Annual Report on Human Rights in the World 2009 and the European Union's policy on the matter.

      The Treaty of Lisbon and Human Rights: reiterating the European Parliament's strong determination to defend human rights and democracy in the world through the development of a strong and effective EU human rights policy, Members take the view that the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty represents a historic opportunity to address the remaining gaps in the EU's human rights and democracy policy. They considers, therefore, that the decision of where to place human rights in the structure of the EEAS is of great importance and they request therefore the setting up of a Human Rights and Democracy Directorate with the tasks of developing a robust EU human rights and democracy strategy and providing overall coordination within all multilateral for a.

      Acknowledging the High Representative/Vice President's (HR/VP) commitment to building up an active role for the EU on the world stage with a view to improving human rights and democracy globally, Members call for the creation of a Special Representative for Human Rights to help give EU external action in this field greater coherence and visibility. They take the view that there is a crucial need for a more coherent framework to make EU support for democracy-building throughout the world more effective. Members also take the view that theEU Special Representatives should be further developed rather than gradually phased out. Their mandate should encompass civil and political rights, economic, social and cultural rights, the rights of women and children, International Humanitarian Law and international justice, and specifically mentions promoting and ensuring respect for human rights, democracy and the rule of law.

      Welcoming the HR/VP's readiness to undertake a fundamental review of the effectiveness of all the EU instruments in the field of human rights, Members share the view that Country Strategies on human rights, repeatedly requested by Parliament, can substantially reinforce the consistency and effectiveness of EU external action when the Country Strategy becomes a reference document establishing country-specific priorities and objectives.

      The report stresses that greater priority needs to be given to improving the ability of the EU to respond rapidly to breaches of human rights by non-EU countries, notably when it comes to bringing its support to human rights defenders in danger, as well as to violations of human rights by EU-based companies in non-EU countries, by elaborating strategic programmes of action.

      The EU Annual Report on Human Rights in the World: underlining the importance of the EU Annual Report on Human Rights in analysing and evaluating the EU's human rights policy, Members call for the full involvement of the European Parliament in drafting sections of future Annual Reports. They reiterate their request that more and better information should be provided by the Council, the Commission and EU delegations and embassies to establish the real priorities for the country. Member reiterate their call for a regular assessment of the use and results of European Union policies, instruments, initiatives and dialogues on human rights in non-EU countries as well as the development of specific quantifiable indices and benchmarks in order to measure the effectiveness of those policies.

      EU activities in the area of human rights in international fora: the report highlights the future accession of the EU to the European Convention on Human Rights as an opportunity to prove its commitment to defending human rights inside and outside its borders. It notes with regret the slowness of the process of examining cases at the European Court of Human Rights, which has been as much as seven years and notes that there are about 100 000 cases pending at the Court. Members call for enhanced cooperation between the Council of Europe and the European Union in the field of promoting and ensuring respect for human rights. Furthermore, the committee stresses the role of the UNHRC within the overall UN architecture and its potential to develop a valuable framework for the European Union's multilateral human rights efforts.

      Members reiterate their strong support for the International Criminal Court. They welcome the fact that the ratifications of the Rome Statute by Bangladesh, the Seychelles, Saint Lucia and Moldova in March, August and October 2010 brought the total number of States Parties to 114. They stress that the Rome Statute of the ICC was ratified by all the EU Member States as an essential component of the democratic principles and values of the Union and therefore call upon the Member States to comply fully with the Statute as part of the EU acquis. The report underscores the need to strengthen the international criminal justice system in general and in this respect notes with concern that Ratko Mladić and Goran Hadžić remain at large and have not been brought before the ICTY.

      EU human rights guidelines: Members define a certain number of EU human rights guidelines:

      • Death penalty: reiterating that the EU is opposed to the death penalty in all circumstances including extra-judicial executions, Members ask the Commission to continue to give priority to the fight against this cruel and inhuman punishment. They condemn the Iranian regime's use of the death penalty, which places Iran in second position, just after China, in the league table of countries with the highest number of executions. They welcome the positive action of the Belarusian authorities in setting up a Working Group to draft proposals on imposing a moratorium on the death penalty but remain concerned that executions are still carried out in Belarus, which is the only country in Europe that continues to use the death penalty.
      • Violence against women: the report calls on the Commission, the Council and the Member States to activate all political and institutional means in order to support initiatives aiming at the adoption as soon as possible of a resolution by the UNGA calling for a worldwide moratorium on female genital mutilation. Members strongly condemn rape used as an instrument of war and the recurrent mass rapes occurring in DR Congo. They insist that women's rights be explicitly addressed in all human rights dialogues, and in particular the combating and elimination of all forms of discrimination and violence against women and girls. They insist that the invocation by states of any custom, tradition, or religious consideration of any kind, in order to evade their duty to eliminate such brutality, be rejected. They stress that access to education and health are basic human rights and believe that health programmes, including sexual and reproductive health, promotion of gender equality, empowerment of women and rights of the child should be prominent in the EU´s development and human rights policy.
      • Torture: Members call for recognition of health abuses against patients and individuals, in particular those unable to defend themselves, as cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment, while recognising the difficulty of proving certain acts and therefore calling for the highest degree of vigilance.
      • Children's Rights: Member deeply deplore the fact that some 215 million children are estimated to be victims of child labour. Millions of them are still victims of rape, domestic violence, and physical, emotional and sexual abuse, including sexual and economic exploitation. They call urgently for additional EU measures against child labour, and calls for the EU to apply more efficiently the instruments at its disposal by incorporating them in human rights dialogues and consultations. They recall that even EU trade policy can play a useful role in the fight against child labour, notably through the use of GSP+ incentives. They express deep concerns about the use of children as soldiers and call for immediate steps to be taken by the EU and the UN for their disarmament, rehabilitation and reintegration.
      • Human rights defenders: Members urge the Council, the Commission and the Member States to implement the measures proposed by Parliament in its resolution on EU policies in favour of human rights defenders with emphasis on measures aimed at providing swift assistance to human rights defenders at risk. They call, in the context of the implementation of the Treaty of Lisbon and the establishment of the EEAS, for the EU institutions to establish an interinstitutional cooperation mechanism on human rights defenders. Focal points and explicit guidelines for human rights defenders in all the EU institutions and development of closer cooperation should be established. Condemning the fact that in several countries (Moroccan-controlled, Western Saharan territory, Cuba, Iran, Russia, China, Rwanda, etc.) attacks and anonymous threats against human rights defenders are commonplace, the report urges the Beijing Government to release Liu Xiaobo immediately and unconditionally from detention and to lift the restrictions on his wife Liu Xia.
      • Human rights clauses: the report emphasises the importance and indispensability of human rights and democracy clauses and effective dispute mechanisms in trade agreements, including fisheries agreements, between the EU and non-EU countries. It requests, however, once again that this clause be accompanied by an enforcement mechanism so as to ensure its implementation in practice. It is also stressed that the EU should include, taking account of the nature of the agreements and the situation specific to each partner country, systematic clauses relating to democracy, the rule of law and human rights, as well as social and environmental standards. Members consider that these clauses should allow the Commission to suspend at least temporarily trade advantages, including those stemming from free trade agreements, if sufficient evidence of human rights - including labour rights - violations is found, either on its own initiative or at the request of a Member State or the European Parliament. They consider that, at all events, the EU should clearly indicate the appropriate penalties which could be applied to non-EU countries that commit serious human rights violations, and should apply them.
      • Freedom of religion or belief: the report underlines that freedom of religion or belief constitutes, amongst all human rights, an essential and basic right which must be respected. They call on the Council and the Commission to adopt and implement practical measures to fight religious intolerance and discrimination and promote freedom of religion or belief worldwide. The EEAS is called upon to mainstream freedom of religion or belief in EU human rights policy. Members remain deeply concerned that discrimination based on religion or belief still exists in all regions of the world, and that persons belonging to particular religious communities, including religious minorities, continue to be denied their human rights in many countries, such as North Korea, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, the Maldives, Afghanistan, Yemen, Mauritania, Laos, Uzbekistan, Eritrea, Iraq, Pakistan, Egypt and China. Russia is called upon to put a moratorium on the implementation of the 2002 Law on Fighting Extremist Activity as it is used and abused to restrict religious freedom, and to repress and attempt to ban non-violent religious groups.
      • Freedom of expression: Members are concerned that freedom of expression has come under attack in various new forms, especially using modern technologies such as the internet. They are concerned that states are using increasingly sophisticated techniques, such as dual-use technologies, to censor information and monitor activities on the internet, and that harassment, persecution and even detention and imprisonment of people using the internet to exercise the right to freedom of opinion and expression have occurred in a number of countries. They urge countries that limit access to the internet to lift restrictions on the free flow of information.
      • Human rights and the fight against terrorism: the report condemns terrorism in all its forms. Members recall that terrorism worldwide has resulted in thousands of deaths of innocent civilians and has shattered the lives of many families. It calls on the Commission and the Council to use the opportunity of bilateral political and human rights dialogues with non-EU countries to recall that human rights have to be respected when combating terrorism, and that under no circumstance must counter-terrorism policy be instrumentalised and used against human rights defenders or political opponents. Members recall the decision of US President Barack Obama to close the Guantanamo Bay detention camp in January 2009 but express their regret that this decision has not yet been able to be fully implemented. They call on the EU Member States to agree on a coordinated action plan to assist the USA in closing Guantanamo's detention facilities, by granting refugee status to former detainees who are not charged with crimes and cannot be repatriated or resettled in the USA. They welcome the constructive engagement of a number of EU Member States in their efforts to assist with reception of certain former Guantanamo detainees and with finding accommodation for some of the people cleared for release from the detention camp. On the other hand, they note that to date only the following EU Member States - Germany, Ireland, Slovakia, Denmark, the United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, France, Hungary and Italy - have agreed to take detainees.
      • Members note with gravest concern the forced expulsions of Roma communities in Europe and the rise in xenophobic and hate language in relation to minority and migrant communities. They reiterate the call of the European Parliament for Member States to honour to the full their obligations under EU law. Where Member States do not comply, they call on the European Commission to act formally and forcefully on infringement proceedings.
      • Human rights dialogues and consultations with non-EU countries: Members call for real participation by the European Parliament in the on-going evaluations of the human rights dialogues and consultations and asks for full access to the outcome documents and to other relevant sources. They take the view that, in general, human rights dialogues and consultations must be planned and conducted transparently, and that objectives  set in advance of the dialogue must be evaluated immediately afterwards. They call on the Council and the Commission to press the non-EU countries' authorities for high, broad ministerial involvement in the dialogues and consultations.
      • Moreover, the report welcomes the establishment of human rights dialogues with each of the Central Asian states - Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. They regret that the EU-China human rights dialogues have consistently failed to deliver any improvements as regards specific human rights abuses in China. Members are deeply concerned about the lack of progress of the Sino-Tibetan dialogue and about the deteriorating human rights situation of the Uighur population in China, condemns its longstanding oppression in East Turkestan. Members express their disappointment that EU-Russia human rights consultations have not yielded any substantial results. The same goes for the situation in India. They also highlight the lack of results with Belarus. They urge the Korean authorities to make concrete and tangible steps towards improving human rights conditions. They continue to be concerned that the human rights dialogue with Iran has been interrupted since 2004 due to a lack of cooperation from Iran.

      On an internal level, Members call for:

      • the enhancement of the Commission's external assistance programmes and the EIDHR by increasing support to human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses and significantly increasing EIDHR funding;
      • the electoral process, including both the pre- and post-electoral stages, to be incorporated into the different levels of political dialogue with the non-EU countries concerned, accompanied by specific measures where appropriate, with a view to ensuring the coherence of EU policies and reaffirming the crucial role of human rights and democracy;
      • more account to be taken of Parliament's resolutions and other communications on human rights, by responding in a substantive manner to the concerns and wishes expressed, particularly with respect to urgent resolutions;
      • greater visibility to be given to the Sakharov Prize of Freedom of Thought annually awarded by the European Parliament.
    body
    EP
    committees
    • body
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      responsible
      True
      committee
      AFET
      date
      2010-07-06
      committee_full
      Foreign Affairs
      rapporteur
      • group
        EPP
        name
        ANDRIKIENĖ Laima Liucija
    type
    Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date
    2010-11-23
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2010-0339&language=EN
      type
      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
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      A7-0339/2010
    body
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    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2010-11-23
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2010-0339&language=EN
      type
      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
      title
      A7-0339/2010
    body
    EP
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    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2010-12-15
    body
    EP
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    Debate in Parliament
  • date
    2010-12-16
    docs
    body
    EP
    type
    Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
  • date
    2010-12-16
    docs
    • type
      Commission response to text adopted in plenary
      title
      SP(2011)1737/2
    body
    EC
    commission
    • DG
      External Relations
      Commissioner
      ASHTON Catherine
    type
    Commission response to text adopted in plenary
committees added
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    True
    committee
    AFET
    date
    2010-07-06
    committee_full
    Foreign Affairs
    rapporteur
    • group
      EPP
      name
      ANDRIKIENĖ Laima Liucija
links added
other added
  • body
    EC
    dg
    External Relations
    commissioner
    ASHTON Catherine
procedure added
dossier_of_the_committee
AFET/7/03504
reference
2010/2202(INI)
title
Annual Report on Human Rights in the World 2009 and the European Union's policy on the matter
legal_basis
  • Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 119-p2
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Annual report
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject
  • 6.10.09 Human rights situation in the world

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© European Union, 2011 – Source: European Parliament