2010/2027(INI)

Demographic challenge and solidarity between generations

Procedure completed

2010/2027(INI) Demographic challenge and solidarity between generations
RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Opinion ECON FOX Ashley (ECR)
Lead EMPL MANN Thomas (EPP)
Opinion FEMM BAUER Edit (EPP)
Lead committee dossier: EMPL/7/02202
Legal Basis RoP 048
Subjects
Links

Activites

  • 2010/11/11 Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
    • T7-0400/2010 summary
    • Results of vote in Parliament
  • 2010/11/11 Commission response to text adopted in plenary
    • SP(2011)1475/2
    • DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, ANDOR László
  • 2010/11/10 Debate in Parliament
  • 2010/10/06 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2010/10/06 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2010/09/30 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2010/06/11 Deadline Amendments
  • 2010/05/10 Committee draft report
  • 2010/02/11 Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
  • 2010/02/11 Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2010/02/04 EP officialisation

Documents

Votes

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 8

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 366 62 46 16 0 13 226 1 2 0
Against 232 7 0 11 26 2 1 143 42 0
Abstain 14 1 0 0 0 4 0 9 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 24/1

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 385 61 45 14 1 18 197 5 44 0
Against 221 8 0 12 23 0 29 149 0 0
Abstain 5 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 24/2

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 340 61 12 10 0 15 194 5 43 0
Against 241 8 16 15 25 0 26 151 0 0
Abstain 23 0 18 0 0 3 1 1 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 56

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 502 67 25 12 1 8 204 145 40 0
Against 49 0 2 12 25 4 3 1 2 0
Abstain 46 0 19 2 0 6 16 3 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 67

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 545 69 16 12 25 7 219 155 42 0
Against 59 0 30 14 1 9 4 1 0 0
Abstain 5 1 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 68

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 416 15 15 14 0 9 220 142 1 0
Against 176 53 31 11 26 10 4 1 40 0
Abstain 15 0 0 2 0 0 0 10 3 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 93

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 558 66 42 16 0 17 224 153 40 0
Against 11 0 0 10 1 0 0 0 0 0
Abstain 31 0 3 0 25 1 0 1 1 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 96

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 386 67 45 16 0 17 223 14 4 0
Against 52 0 0 11 26 0 0 15 0 0
Abstain 164 0 2 0 0 2 0 120 40 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 99

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 84 21 33 6 0 7 13 3 1 0
Against 501 41 12 20 25 11 210 139 43 0
Abstain 25 4 2 1 0 1 3 14 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 101

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 178 60 45 13 0 14 39 7 0 0
Against 411 9 0 12 26 3 182 136 43 0
Abstain 17 0 1 1 0 1 2 12 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 104

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 374 64 44 15 0 16 220 10 5 0
Against 226 7 0 10 26 0 3 144 36 0
Abstain 10 0 1 2 0 3 1 1 2 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 106

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 504 63 10 3 25 2 205 156 40 0
Against 91 3 34 23 1 14 16 0 0 0
Abstain 6 0 0 1 0 3 2 0 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 107

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 355 68 25 3 25 5 205 19 5 0
Against 184 0 1 23 0 11 15 134 0 0
Abstain 67 0 21 1 0 3 2 2 38 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 108

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 464 67 11 11 0 2 219 154 0 0
Against 92 3 19 14 1 7 4 0 44 0
Abstain 51 0 16 1 24 10 0 0 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 109

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 498 67 26 3 17 5 224 156 0 0
Against 97 1 20 23 1 12 0 0 40 0
Abstain 12 0 0 1 7 2 0 0 2 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 110

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 522 68 12 7 20 4 216 154 41 0
Against 49 0 21 14 0 10 3 0 1 0
Abstain 26 0 13 6 3 4 0 0 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 111

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 530 70 14 12 24 4 208 155 43 0
Against 72 0 32 14 0 10 16 0 0 0
Abstain 7 0 0 1 2 4 0 0 0 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - § 118

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 396 67 13 13 22 4 220 15 42 0
Against 180 0 30 14 1 12 3 119 1 0
Abstain 26 1 0 0 2 3 0 19 1 0

Rapport Mann A7-0268/2010 - Résolution

2010/11/11
Position Total ALDE ECR EFD GUE/NGL NI PPE S&D Verts/ALE correctional
For 440 63 4 2 0 4 208 130 29 0
Against 122 4 31 22 25 8 15 16 1 0
Abstain 43 3 11 2 0 7 1 5 14 0
AmendmentsDossier
306 2010/2027(INI) Demographic challenge and solidarity between generations
2010/06/15 EMPL 253 amendments...
source: PE-442.919
2010/06/30 FEMM 23 amendments...
source: PE-445.642
2010/09/06 ECON 30 amendments...
source: PE-442.927

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2012-02-09
activities added
  • body
    EP
    date
    2010-02-04
    type
    EP officialisation
  • date
    2010-02-11
    body
    type
    Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
  • date
    2010-02-11
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
    committees
  • date
    2010-05-10
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE441.184
      type
      Committee draft report
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      PE441.184
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    EP
    type
    Committee draft report
  • body
    EP
    date
    2010-06-11
    type
    Deadline Amendments
  • date
    2010-09-30
    text
    • The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Thomas MANN (EPP, DE) on the demographic challenge and solidarity between generations.

      The report recalls that according to the Commission's estimates, demographic changes could profoundly change population structure and the age pyramid. The number of young people aged 0 to 14 would drop from 100 million (1975 index) to 66 million in 2050, the working population would peak at 331 million in about 2010 and thereafter decrease steadily (to about 268 million in 2050), while, with life expectancy rising by 6 years for men and 5 years for women between 2004 and 2050, the number of people over 80 would rise from 4.1 % in 2005 to 11.4 % in 2050.

      Underlining that the functional cooperation between the generations depends on the basic values of freedom, rights and solidarity, justice and selfless support for the next generation, Members consider it important to make clear that older people are not a burden on the economy and society, but rather - through their experience, their achievements, their knowledge and their greater loyalty to their place of work - a dependable asset and significant added value.

      The report considers it important to fight prejudice and discrimination in all its forms and towards all groups of society and to work towards a society where older people are treated equally as human beings with fundamental rights. Moreover, special attention should be paid to the gender perspective when considering demographic challenge and solidarity.

      Education and Training policies: taking into account the EU's ageing society, Members believe that active attempts should be made to bring people on to the labour market and keep them there, applying this approach to all age groups, older people included. It emphasises that lifelong learning must be a central aim in all education-related measures and that it is something for which all generations, the public authorities and businesses bear a responsibility.

      Members consider that an employment policy which takes into account the situation of older workers implies reflecting on new ways of organising work in companies, facilitating flexible formulas progressively leading to retirement, reducing stress, improving working conditions and promoting anti-discriminatory practices with regard to recruitment and vocational training.

      The committee believes it is wrong for any older worker to be forced to stop working against their will because of an arbitrarily concluded compulsory retirement age. Therefore, it calls on Member States to look again at the feasibility of scrapping compulsory retirement ages.

      In this regard, it considers that any measures concerning the retirement age should be based on the needs of the persons concerned.

      Members are convinced that flexisecurity can contribute to more open, responsive and inclusive labour markets and can ease the transition between the various stages of people's working lives, in particular when it is based on solidarity and shared responsibility between the generations and when it takes the different demands and needs of all age and income groups into account. They stress that career and training security should be fully guaranteed and that everyone should be able to have a full and uninterrupted working life, entitling them to a full-rate pension.

      The report calls on the EU to pursue an effective policy to ensure that older workers can remain available for work and are not subject to age discrimination. It calls for promoting a culture which provides for the management of ageing in companies, both for the arrival of young people and for the departure of older workers.

      Transparency initiative: the report calls on the Commission and the Council to introduce generational accounting to inform and further develop the Eurostat sustainable development indicators (SDIs) in all the Member States and at EU level, with a view to producing reliable models and forecasts of payment flows and the degree to which each generation will benefit or be burdened. It advocates a compulsory 'generation check' impact assessment to make clear the effects of EU and national legislation on justice between the generations and to permit long-term cost-benefit analysis.

      European Youth Guarantee initiative: emphasising that youth unemployment is one of our most pressing problems, the report invites the Council and the Commission to make particular efforts and to devise practical measures - one of which should be a European Youth Guarantee - to ensure that, after a maximum period of four months' unemployment, young people are offered a job, an apprenticeship, additional training or combined work and training, with the proviso that those concerned support the process of their integration into work through their own efforts. It is also necessary to give young unemployed workers the advice, the guidance and the aid they require in order to get them back into work (or into work for the first time), and the same for students or future students, so that they can choose their career path in full knowledge of the potential job opportunities.

      Fifty-plus employment pact initiative: the report calls on the Member States and the Commission to ensure that the following aims are achieved under an expanded EU-2020 strategy: (i) securing full employment among the population aged over 50 up to the legal retirement age and achieving the minimum of 55 % employment; (ii) eliminating incentives e.g. for early retirement; (iii) combating age discrimination; (iv) setting country-specific targets for access to training and lifelong learning for older workers; v) combating age-based discrimination in the workplace and training and developing incentives for workers over the age of 60 to remain available for work, so that they can pass on their knowledge and experience to subsequent generations, which will require the Member States to adopt appropriate legislation designed to promote the recruitment of such people by companies; (vi) supporting the (re)integration of older people who become disabled, rather than classifying them as 'disabled'.

      Age Management initiative: Members argue that older people's employability also depends on initiatives in the fields of health, the level of income and contributions in cash and in kind in comparison to pension and other retirement benefits, further training, working-time patterns, autonomy and individual choice for workers, better work-life balance, job satisfaction and management behaviour, as well as a guarantee of reasonable accommodation, and in the field of accessibility, and that such initiatives should be devised jointly by the social partners, where applicable, for all employees and promoted by the Commission and Member States.

      Intergenerational tandem initiative: the report calls for specific initiatives to promote mixed-age teams for work processes and suggests that companies taking such initiatives should be supported and that outstanding projects should receive recognition, highlighting how the varying distribution of generations increases competitiveness and harmonious growth.

      'Guaranteeing a decent pension' initiative: the committee is convinced that the right to retire is a right that any employee is entitled to claim after the legal retirement age set by each Member State in consultation with the social partners and in accordance with national practices. It considers that, should they decide not to extend their working lives beyond the national retirement age, this must not affect their pension rights or other social rights.

      'Active Ageing' initiative: the report calls on the Commission to conduct a review of activities related to healthy ageing and to present an action plan in 2011 for: (i) enhancing older people's dignity, health, quality of life, and autonomy; (ii) allowing them equal access to health care regardless of income; (iii) highlighting in particular the health risks for people who suddenly cease being active; (iv) emphasising prevention of health problems, which requires the Member States to support healthy lifestyles and take appropriate measures to reduce smoking, alcohol misuse, obesity and other major health risks.

      The report also calls on the Commission to develop a proposal for 2012 as the 'European Year of Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations'. It also calls on the Council and the Member States to take rapid measures to guarantee decent pensions for all, which must not in any circumstances lie below the poverty level.

      Reconciliation policies: the report emphasises that in order to avoid a disproportionate burden on women because of an increased demand for care in an ageing society, labour and care should be rendered compatible for both men and women in all Member States and equally distributed between women and men. It encourages the Member States to enter into permanent long-term commitments to the family, including entitlement to additional allowances for parents, especially additional measures to support single mothers, and tax or social relief for crèches and for voluntary, cooperative and charitable organisations. The report calls on the Member States to ensure accessible, affordable, flexible and high-quality services, and in particular access to childcare facilities, aiming to ensure conditions for the provision of 50 % of necessary care for children aged up to three years and 100 % of care for three-to-six-year-olds, as well as improved access to care for other dependents and adequate leave arrangements for both mothers and fathers.

      Economic and growth policies: Members take the view that tapping into new markets in the 'silver economy' offers a major opportunity for improving competitiveness and innovative potential and for boosting growth and employment and for increasing volunteering. They consider that one means of tackling the digital divide - a phenomenon that particularly affects women, especially older women, and leads to professional and social exclusion - would be for schools to organise experimental IT literacy initiatives. They believe that the agreement of strong new antidiscrimination legislation in the access to goods and services will offer a major opportunity for economic growth and employment, as the barriers faced by older people to certain services and goods are dismantled. They call for an end to any unreasonable or unfair blanket bans on goods and services based on age alone, which many older people face when trying to purchase insurance, holidays or car rentals, for example.

      Member States are called upon to put in place framework conditions, and particularly to take innovative and barrier-free measures, that reflect differing regional conditions in this regard.

      Pension and budgetary policies: the report considers that an ageing population coupled with a declining birth-rate within Europe represents a fundamental demographic change which will require reform of the welfare and fiscal systems of Europe, including pension systems, providing good care for older generations whilst avoiding the accumulation of a debt burden for younger generations. They encourage reform of the stability and growth pact, so that Member States can fulfil their obligation to make their pension systems more sustainable.

      Noting that numerous issues relating to demographic change in society fall exclusively within the competence of the Member States, the report recognises the need for each Member State to take action to ensure its public finances are sustainable and can adequately manage demographic change. The Commission is called upon to provide continuous intergenerational accounting, including estimates on future debt burdens and sustainability gaps in public finances of the Member States, and to make the results publicly available in a way that is easily accessible and understandable. The Commission and the Member States are called upon to re-examine welfare systems where they still entail considerable inequalities between men's and women's pension levels, and to consider the options of introducing corrective factors taking account of the gaps in contributions arising from temporary employment or maternal responsibilities.

      The report stresses the need to encourage private pension provision and to ensure that on average public sector pensions are no more generous, both in terms of contributions and benefits, than comparable private sector pensions. It encourages Member States to remove all disincentives, particularly in relation to tax and pensions, for older people to continue working beyond retirement age.

      Migration policies: Members consider that migration combined with successful integration, including economic integration, can be one of the ways of coping with demographic change. They are convinced that open and sincere debate is essential in order to discuss different immigration policies. They consider that a sense of identification in accordance with democratic traditions and fundamental constitutional values, participation based on equal opportunities and responsibility are prerequisites for successful integration, that integration can work only where immigrants are prepared to adapt and locals are receptive, and that solidarity between generations is complemented by solidarity between cultures, which implies the removal of prejudices about different cultures.

      Health and Care policies: the report calls attention to the severe regional imbalances apparent in terms of demographic change, and the fact that it sets in train processes of migration away from rural and peripheral regions, with the result that structural transformations in social and health care must be envisaged, funding must be made available for them, and an intensive exchange of best practices and those which support developments and services based on modern information and communications technologies must be undertaken.

      Recognising what has been achieved by the Member States in the field of care for older people, Members call however on them to bring greater attention than hitherto to bear on the enforcement of, and compliance with, quality criteria for service provision. They call, through the open method of communication, for an exchange of information and best practice between Member States on the provision of long-term care for older people and, in particular, measures to safeguard older people in the community and in care homes and to tackle abuse of the elderly.

      Lastly, Members take the view that an EU-wide code of conduct for the provision of long-term care, outlining minimum guidelines and service outcomes, needs to be drawn up and to be adopted by Parliament and the Council.

    body
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  • date
    2010-10-06
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    2010-11-11
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    Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
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    2010-11-11
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      Commission response to text adopted in plenary
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      SP(2011)1475/2
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      Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
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      ANDOR László
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    Commission response to text adopted in plenary
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  • body
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    False
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    2009-11-24
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    Economic and Monetary Affairs (Associated committee)
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      FOX Ashley
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      MANN Thomas
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  • body
    EC
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    Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
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    ANDOR László
procedure added
dossier_of_the_committee
EMPL/7/02202
reference
2010/2027(INI)
title
Demographic challenge and solidarity between generations
legal_basis
  • Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 048
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Initiative
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject
  • 4.10.14 Demography

code AGPLv3.0+, data ODBLv1.0, site-content CC-By-Sa-3.0
© European Union, 2011 – Source: European Parliament