2009/2236(INI)

Future of the CAP after 2013

Procedure completed

2009/2236(INI) Future of the CAP after 2013
RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AGRI LYON George (ALDE)
Opinion BUDG LA VIA Giovanni (EPP)
Opinion DEVE
Lead committee dossier: AGRI/7/01458
Legal Basis RoP 048
Subjects
Links

Activites

  • 2010/07/08 Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
    • T7-0286/2010 summary
    • Results of vote in Parliament
  • 2010/07/08 Commission response to text adopted in plenary
    • SP(2010)6850
    • DG Agriculture and Rural Development, CIOLOŞ Dacian
  • 2010/06/21 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2010/06/21 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2010/06/15 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2010/04/27 Deadline Amendments
  • #3006
  • 2010/03/29 Council Meeting
  • 2010/03/24 Committee draft report
  • #2995
  • 2010/02/22 Council Meeting
  • 2009/12/17 Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • #2986
  • 2009/12/14 Council Meeting
  • 2009/12/10 EP officialisation

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
858 2009/2236(INI) Future of the CAP after 2013
2010/04/23 BUDG 26 amendments...
source: PE-440.155
2010/04/29 AGRI 283 amendments...
source: PE-441.049
2010/04/30 AGRI 499 amendments...
source: PE-441.147
2010/07/06 AGRI 50 amendments...
source: PE-442.931

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2012-02-09
activities added
  • body
    EP
    date
    2009-12-10
    type
    EP officialisation
  • body
    CSL
    meeting_id
    2986
    text
    • The Council held a policy debate on the future of the CAP, with a particular focus on rural development policy. The Council debate on the future of rural development policy is the continuation of previous discussions under the Czech and French Presidencies, which focused on the first pillar of the CAP.

      Member States were invited to reflect on the future challenges they consider to be most relevant for European agriculture and rural areas and on what changes were needed in the rural development programme in order to tackle these challenges, while respecting the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality.

      Several Ministers emphasised that although there is already quite a good existing policy, there is still room for improvement because a central banner is needed, which in their view, could be Green Growth. Some urged structural changes; the replacement of the axes-structure with a new clearer one with more focused targets. Some others pointed out the need to redesign some of the individual measures, and establish balance between targeting and simplification.

      In its introductory words, the Commission representative highlighted that strengthening competitiveness, protecting the environment and creating new jobs are the three most important challenges we face when we talk about the future of rural development.

      After the discussion, she estimated too early to mention any figures and invited Member States to reflect on several issues that most delegates touched upon, such as the criteria to be defined for the distribution of money intending to replace historical grounds.

      The Swedish Presidency concluded that there is a need to keep rural development as part of the common policy, in order to face several important challenges such as sustainable development, climatic change, water management, and biodiversity.

    council
    Agriculture and Fisheries
    date
    2009-12-14
    type
    Council Meeting
  • date
    2009-12-17
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
    committees
  • body
    CSL
    meeting_id
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    text
    • Ministers held an exchange of views on the future of the CAP and, in particular, on market management measures after 2013, based on a presidency background paper and a questionnaire.

      Ministers welcomed the presidency paper as a valuable contribution to the discussion on the future of the CAP, stressing the importance of striking the right balance between market orientation on the one hand and ensuring the viability of agricultural activity in the EU through appropriate market and crisis management instruments on the other.

      Many ministers agreed that market orientation of European agriculture achieved as a result of the CAP reforms undertaken since 1992 was sufficient. Many referred to the contribution which existing measures such as direct payments and market management measures make to dampening price and income risks for farmers. At the same time, they highlighted the necessity of keeping an efficient safety net in future, in particular against the background of growing price volatility and market instability, and the EU commitments in the context of the Doha Development Round of the WTO. Many ministers supported the presidency's suggestion of examining the possibility of complementing existing market management measures provided for in the single CMO and made suggestions, such as the creation of income insurance schemes, the strengthening of producer organisations and interbranch cooperation, futures markets and the setting up of a crisis fund. Many delegations also referred to ongoing discussions on the functioning of the food supply chain and asked to take into account the outcome of that work. A substantial number of ministers agreed that the future CAP should provide for a financial mechanism allowing the EU to respond rapidly to serious crises which offers flexibility in responding rapidly to such cases.

      A number of ministers considered that market orientation in European agriculture could be further improved and insisted that further efforts to improve competitiveness would offer the best safety net. Some made it clear that any new market measures should not come on top of existing ones and also expressed doubts with regard to the creation of a financial mechanism to deal with crisis situations, as this would involve additional expenditure.

      The presidency expressed its intention to table at the Special Committee for Agriculture (SCA) a follow-up paper summarising the Council's debate.

      The Council's debate followed previous discussions on the different aspects of the CAP post-2013 held under the French, Czech and Swedish Presidencies. A final general reflection on the CAP post-2013 is scheduled to take place during the informal meeting of the ministers of Agriculture on 30 May - 1 June, to be held in Merida, Spain.

      Thereafter the Commission is expected to submit a communication on the post-2013 CAP in late autumn 2010, followed be legislative proposals in mid-2011.

    council
    Agriculture and Fisheries
    date
    2010-02-22
    type
    Council Meeting
  • date
    2010-03-24
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE439.972
      type
      Committee draft report
      title
      PE439.972
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee draft report
  • date
    2010-03-29
    body
    CSL
    type
    Council Meeting
    council
    Agriculture and Fisheries
    meeting_id
    3006
  • body
    EP
    date
    2010-04-27
    type
    Deadline Amendments
  • date
    2010-06-15
    text
    • The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted the own-initiative report drafted by George LYON (ALDE, UK) on the Future of the Common Agricultural Policy after 2013.

      The committee notes that European agriculture faces new challenges: food security, the rising prices of foodstuffs and volatile market prices, the fight against climate change, water, soil and biodiversity management, consumer demands for high quality products, better animal welfare as well as competitiveness, the rural exodus, ageing of the rural population, pressures on agricultural earnings, achieving equal levels of development and cohesion.

      The need for a strong CAP post 2013: given these challenges and in the light of the Europe 2020 Strategy, Members consider that the priorities of the European Common Agricultural Policy post-2013 should be part of a common and credible multi-functional agricultural food policy with the necessary funding both to provide effective and targeted support to farmers and respond to the concerns of the rural community, as well as benefiting society as a whole. The CAP should enable agriculture to play its part in the European economy and ensure it has the tools to compete on world markets.

      Members consider that the future European agricultural policy must remain a common policy and that it should not be renationalised. It believes that direct support should remain fully financed by the European budget and reject any further cofinancing which could harm fair competition within the EU Single Market. This policy should ensure the coexistence of i) high-added-value farming with high-quality primary and processed products, giving it a strong position on world markets; ii) farming open to regional markets; iii)  farming geared to local markets.

      The committee recalls that one of the main reasons why the EU needs a strong CAP is to contribute to the maintenance and development of viable and dynamic rural communities, at the heart of European cultural diversity. It takes the view that this calls for the socio-economic gap between rural and urban communities to be narrowed, in order to avoid the growing land abandonment and rural depopulation which are further isolating rural areas.

      The report underlines the urgent need to attract younger generations and women to rural areas through long-term policies and to provide new and alternative economic opportunities for them to ensure a sustainable rural population. New ways of attracting young people should be explored, such as the availability of favourable loans and credit for investments and recognition of their professional skills, in order to ensure they are able to enter the rural economy with relative ease.

      CAP priorities for the 21st century: Members agree on the need to fix certain central key building blocks: security of supply of food products and fair trade, sustainability, agriculture across Europe, the quality of foodstuffs, conservation of biodiversity and environmental protection, and green growth to achieve a fair and more sustainable CAP. They consider that the current two-pillar structure (production supports and rural development) should be maintained.

      A fair CAP: the report insists that EU agriculture must remain competitive against fierce competition and trade-distorting measures on the part of trading partners and/or countries where producers are not subject to standards as high as in the EU as regards, in particular, product quality, food safety, the environment, social legislation and animal welfare. Members believe that improving competitiveness at different levels (local, regional, internal market and world markets) should still be a fundamental objective of the CAP post-2013. They call on the Commission to uphold the interests of European farmers in the context of multilateral and bilateral trade agreements negotiated on behalf of the EU.

      Stressing that farmers require long-term investment prospects and adequate incomes in order to carry out their tasks, Member call for the guarantee of a fair and stable return for the farming community to remain a primary goal for the new CAP, whilst providing good value for money and fair treatment for consumers.

      The committee calls for flexible and efficient market measures to be set in place to ensure an adequate safety net within the future framework of the CAP in order to avoid extreme market price volatility, provide a greater degree of stability, and provide rapid and efficient responses to economic crises arising in the sector. It takes the view that this should be complemented by a risk management system that helps minimise the consequences of natural and health disasters. It also calls for a fair distribution of CAP payments and insists that it should be fair to farmers in both new and old Member States.

      Members considers that reducing direct payments under the first pillar would have devastating consequences, not only for farmers but, to an equal extent, for the countryside, for agriculture-linked public services, for consumers and for society, given that the latter is a beneficiary as a whole. They add that direct payments are, therefore, essential and must be maintained, above all for the new Member States.

      A sustainable CAP: the agriculture has a leading role to play in tackling climate change by reducing GHG emissions, increasing carbon sequestration capacity and developing and using more renewable energy sources and bio-based materials.

      Members believe that climate considerations should be integrated across CAP measures where appropriate. They believe that an EU-funded top-up direct payment should be made available to farmers through simple multiannual contracts rewarding them for reducing their carbon emissions per unit of production and/or increasing their sequestration of carbon in the soil through sustainable production methods and through the production of biomass that can be used in the production of long-lasting agro-materials.

      Members take the view that investment in agricultural innovation should be further encouraged, inter alia through the CAP and EU research and development framework programmes, in order to address new challenges. They recommend, to this end, the active presence of agronomic advisors in the regions to guide farmers in their attempts to deliver environmental public goods.

      A green CAP: Members note that the market has failed, to date, to properly reward farmers for protecting the environment and other public goods. They consider that green growth should be at the heart of a new rural development strategy that focuses on creating new green jobs through:

      • the development of local dynamic tools such as local marketing, local processing, and support for projects involving all stakeholders from the local farming sector;
      • the development of biomass, bio-waste, bio-gas and small-scale renewable energy production, as well as encouraging the production of second-generation biofuels, agro-materials and green-chemistry products,
      • investing in modernisation and innovation, as well as new research and development techniques for adaptation to, and mitigation of, climate change,
      • providing training and advice to farmers in applying new techniques and to assist young farmers entering the industry.

      Food quality: the report stresses that the development of food quality policy, including in terms of geographical indication (PDO/PGI/TSG), must be a priority aspect of the CAP and be deepened and strengthened so that the EU can maintain its leadership position in this area. It takes the view that, in the case of these high-quality products, the use of original management, protection and promotion instruments should be allowed.

      Agriculture across Europe: Members call for the continuation of specific measures to compensate farmers producing in disadvantaged areas such as areas with natural handicaps, including mountainous regions, environmentally sensitive areas and/or regions which are the most affected by climate change, and outermost regions, in order to ensure that agricultural activity takes place so that land continues to be managed and local food is produced across the EU, reducing the threat of land abandonment and ensuring balanced territorial management across the EU and a rational development of agricultural production.

      A common and simple policy: Members believe that the new CAP, through a simplified support system, must be easy to administer, transparent, and reduce red tape and administrative burdens on farmers, particularly for smaller producers. They believe that this could be achieved inter alia by moving towards the use of delivery tools that set the goals and empower farmers to choose their own farming systems to meet these objectives, such as outcome agreements, simple contracts and multiannual payments.

      The CAP in the multi-annual financial framework: the report underlines the need, given the new Common Agricultural Policy objectives, to provide adequate funding in the new multiannual financial framework (MFF), in order to be able to better support the policy in accordance with the major challenges this crucial sector for EU food security will have to face in the coming years.

    body
    EP
    committees
    type
    Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date
    2010-06-21
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2010-0204&language=EN
      type
      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
      title
      A7-0204/2010
    body
    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2010-06-21
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2010-0204&language=EN
      type
      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
      title
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    body
    EP
    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2010-07-08
    docs
    body
    EP
    type
    Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
  • date
    2010-07-08
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/spdoc.do?i=18589&j=0&l=en
      type
      Commission response to text adopted in plenary
      title
      SP(2010)6850
    body
    EC
    commission
    • DG
      Agriculture and Rural Development
      Commissioner
      CIOLOŞ Dacian
    type
    Commission response to text adopted in plenary
committees added
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    True
    committee
    AGRI
    date
    2009-10-19
    committee_full
    Agriculture and Rural Development
    rapporteur
    • group
      ALDE
      name
      LYON George
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    BUDG
    date
    2009-12-16
    committee_full
    Budgets
    rapporteur
    • group
      EPP
      name
      LA VIA Giovanni
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee_full
    Development
    committee
    DEVE
links added
other added
  • body
    EC
    dg
    Agriculture and Rural Development
    commissioner
    CIOLOŞ Dacian
procedure added
dossier_of_the_committee
AGRI/7/01458
reference
2009/2236(INI)
title
Future of the CAP after 2013
legal_basis
  • Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 048
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Initiative
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject
  • 3.10 Agricultural policy and economies

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© European Union, 2011 – Source: European Parliament