2009/2226(INI)

Mid-term review of the European satellite navigation programmes: implementation assessment, future challenges and financing perspectives

Procedure completed

2009/2226(INI) Mid-term review of the European satellite navigation programmes: implementation assessment, future challenges and financing perspectives
RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Opinion AFET KOPPA Maria Eleni (S&D)
Opinion BUDG HERCZOG Edit (S&D)
Lead ITRE REMEK Vladimír (GUE/NGL) BŘEZINA Jan (EPP), GLANTE Norbert (S&D), HALL Fiona (ALDE), TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen (ECR)
Lead committee dossier: ITRE/7/01770
Legal Basis RoP 048
Subjects
Links

Activites

  • 2011/06/08 Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
    • T7-0265/2011 summary
    • Results of vote in Parliament
  • 2011/06/08 Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • 2011/04/18 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2011/04/18 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2011/04/12 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2011/03/31 Resolution/conclusions adopted by Council
  • #3080
  • 2011/03/31 Council Meeting
  • 2011/03/10 Deadline Amendments
  • 2011/02/04 Committee draft report
  • 2011/01/12 Non-legislative basic document published
  • 2011/01/12 Date
  • 2009/12/17 Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2009/12/10 EP officialisation

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
94 2009/2226(INI) Mid-term review of the European satellite navigation programmes: implementation assessment, future challenges and financing perspectives
2010/12/05 AFET 10 amendments...
source: PE-441.280
2011/02/16 BUDG 23 amendments...
source: PE-458.782
2011/03/14 ITRE 61 amendments...
source: PE-460.827

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2012-02-09
activities added
  • body
    EP
    date
    2009-12-10
    type
    EP officialisation
  • date
    2009-12-17
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
    committees
  • date
    2011-01-12
    docs
    • url
      http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2011&nu_doc=0005
      title
      COM(2011)0005
      type
      Non-legislative basic document published
      celexid
      CELEX:52011DC0005:EN
    body
    type
    Non-legislative basic document published
  • body
    EP
    date
    2011-01-12
    type
    Date
  • date
    2011-02-04
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE441.020
      type
      Committee draft report
      title
      PE441.020
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee draft report
  • body
    EP
    date
    2011-03-10
    type
    Deadline Amendments
  • date
    2011-03-31
    text
    • The Council adopted conclusions reaffirming its strong commitment to the European satellite radio navigation programmes, whilst calling for containment of the costs they entail. The conclusions respond to the Commission's report on the mid-term review of the EGNOS programme, which is already operational, and the Galileo programme, which is still in its development phase, with the first services scheduled to become operational in 2014-2015.

      In an exchange of views, ministers highlighted the main elements of the conclusions. Responding to Member States' concerns about costs, the Commission indicated that it would be able to give a more precise assessment of the costs once the final two contracts for the deployment of Galileo had been signed, before the summer. The Council conclusions underline the strategic and economic importance of the programmes, which are intended to ensure the EU's independence in this field, establish the EU as one of the leading players in the space technology market and trigger further economic activities, in particular through the development of applications for the possibilities offered by the programmes.

      At the same time, the Council invites the Commission to provide more details on the assumptions and calculations underlying the estimated additional financial needs (EUR 1.9 billion over the 2014-2020 period) for the completion of the Galileo infrastructure and to explore possible ways to achieve savings. It emphasises that any further cost overruns should be avoided. Looking forward to the Commission's proposal for the funding of the programmes under the next multiannual financial framework to apply from 2014, the Council considers that in view of the nature of the project, the programmes should continue to be financed by the EU budget.

      The conclusions also stress that keeping to the timetable for the provision of the first services (2014-2015) is essential to build users' and industry's confidence in the programmes. International cooperation needs to be continued to settle issues regarding the compatibility and interoperability of the Union's system with those of other countries. Moreover, it is important to further reflect on the future governance of the programmes.

      The EGNOS programme, which enhances the accuracy of civilian GPS services, became operational on 1 October 2009 and is now available for use with both an Open Service and a Safety-of-Life Service for aviation. As regards the Galileo programme, two experimental satellites are already in space in order to test the technology and secure frequencies, and the first four satellites of the future system will be launched in 2011-2012. In 2014, the first services are planned to be delivered on the basis of 18 satellites. The system will be fully operational when all 30 satellites are in place; that should be achieved in 2019/2020.

      The main points of the Council conclusions may be summarised as follows:

      The Council underlines that the European satellite navigation systems are of strategic importance for the independence of the EU regarding satellite navigation, positioning and timing services and will offer a relevant contribution to the implementation of the "Europe 2020" strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.

      Furthermore, the Council:

      • stresses that, as EU flagship programmes in space, EGNOS and Galileo would allow the development of a strong and innovative downstream application market in Europe and will significantly contribute to the economic recovery of Europe and address major challenges such as climate change, ecological preservation and sustainable transport;
      • emphasises the need for a timely deployment of a competitive and independent Galileo constellation and acknowledges the substantial economic and social benefits for the EU and its citizens;
      • acknowledges the progress made in the programmes under the governance scheme put in place in 2008 and welcomes the fact that the EGNOS open service is operational and has been adopted by several user communities; it encourages the uptake of its recently operational Safety of Life service, in particular in the aviation sector, on the basis that it will be delivered free of charge to end-users;
      • takes note that the Galileo ground and space segments developed under the In Orbit Validation phase are nearing completion and that the first orders within the current procurement of the Galileo deployment phase should lead to an Initial Operational Capability in 2014-2015. The Council calls upon all actors involved to do their utmost to achieve this goal, within their respective roles and responsibilities;
      • underlines the importance of this progress for establishing the necessary confidence amongst the public, receiver manufacturers and application developers that will facilitate take-up and investment in products and services;
      • highlights the need to receive, on a regular basis, information from the Commission on the implementation of the principles for the procurement of the deployment phase of the Galileo programme, in particular the 40% figure for sub-contracting, in conformity with Regulation (EC) No 683/2008;
      • stresses that the estimated additional financial needs presented by the Commission for the completion of the infrastructure should be more thoroughly substantiated with regard to the assumptions and calculation on which they were constructed, and calls upon all actors directly involved in the governance of the programmes to take all possible measures, within their respective roles and responsibilities, to avoid any further cost overruns;
      • urges the Commission to pursue its cost and risk analysis of the programmes to identify and evaluate the impact of all possible options for potential cost and risk reductions and optimisation, such as dual sourcing for the provision of satellites and launchers, reconsidering the implementation of the Safety of Life service and operational efficiencies;
      • underlines its wish that the cost and risk analysis should result in cost saving, including efficiency savings, and cost containment, while reaffirming its commitment to the specific objectives of the programmes as defined in Regulation (EC) No 683/2008;
      • notes the overall estimated operating costs of the systems, including operational management of the infrastructure, provision of the services, replacement and renewal of components with a limited service life and new technology developments, and that these costs will occur progressively as from the provision of the initial operational services;
      • considers that, Galileo and EGNOS being European programmes owned by the EU, should continue to be financed by the EU budget, taking into account the specificities of large scale projects, the public nature of the services, as well as the fact that direct revenues will not offset costs; URGES the Commission to optimise Galileo's potential direct and indirect revenues;
      • underlines the need to proceed with no delay with the ongoing reflection on possible future governance schemes, both public and private, for the day to day operations of the programmes, involving the future role of the Commission and Member States and taking into account the need for continuity and consistency.

      Lastly, the Council urges the Commission to optimise and rationalise the use of existing structures and to give particular attention to the operational governance of EGNOS.

    body
    type
    Resolution/conclusions adopted by Council
  • date
    2011-03-31
    body
    CSL
    type
    Council Meeting
    council
    Transport, Telecommunications and Energy
    meeting_id
    3080
  • date
    2011-04-12
    text
    • The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted the own-initiative report by Vladimir REMEK (GUE/NGL, CZ) welcoming the Commission report on the mid-term review of the European satellite navigation programmes, but regrets the delay in publishing the mid-term review, for too long creating uncertainty concerning the overall progress of the project and its financial situation. This is detrimental to the market uptake of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) applications and to public support. 

      In order to enhance transparency, Members call on the Commission to update the GNSS Strategic Framework in the light of the current situation, including the main actions, estimated budget and timetable necessary to meet the objectives. With a view to preventing future cost overruns, the Commission is also asked to put in place stringent cost containment policies, and to implement recommended risk mitigation measures, such as dual sourcing.

      Financial situation: Members recall that increased programme costs, due among other things to inaccurate cost forecasts and cost management strategies, mean that the current budget can only fund the deployment of Initial Operating Capacity (IOC), comprising 18 satellites. They believe that IOC should be completed by 2014 at the latest to ensure that Galileo does indeed become the second GNSS constellation of reference for receiver manufacturers. The committee deplores the fact that no proposal has been made to provide additional financing for this programme by readjusting the current multiannual financial framework, which has led to additional costs and possibly the loss of a 'window of opportunity'.

      Full operation capacity (FOC) should be reached by 2018 at the latest, which is estimated to require additional financing of EUR 1.9 billion and annual funding to cover operating costs of approximately EUR 800 million from 2014 onwards. Members want the Commission to pursue all possible financial efficiency savings and to put in place an appropriate financing structure to limit the necessary additional financing. Highlighting the fact that current EU funding of R&D for GNSS stands at no more than EUR 15 million per year, they warn of damage to other R&D programmes if additional funding for these activities is taken out of the current framework programme (FP7), and state that more funding should be provided under FP8 and through other measures to facilitate the development of GNSS-based products and services. They also stress the need to increase funding with a view to enhancing the development of GNSS applications and services.  

      Public awareness: Members are strongly convinced that additional funding for GNSS can only be secured if awareness of the benefits for the EU economy and society brought by GNSS is raised considerably and they urge the Commission and the EU GNSS Agency (GSA) to:

      • put much more effort into raising awareness of GNSS among potential users and investors;
      • approach national authorities and SMEs dealing with space-related technology as potential end-users of GNSS applications, using appropriate calls for tenders, awareness campaigns and technology transfer mechanisms in order to do so, while at the same time stressing the importance of maintaining the European regional balance.

      International dimension: Members call on the Commission to involve regions of the world where the adoption of European GNSS technology and applications may help market development, such as Latin America, South-East Asia or Africa, and they urge the Commission and Member States to deploy all available means to quickly resolve the current compatibility issues with China.

      Future challenges: financing and governance: Members emphasise the strategic importance of space policy and the GNSS programme in the drive to establish a genuine European industrial policy and call on the Commission to integrate satellite navigation in the development of all other relevant Community policies. They also call on the Commission:

      • in the interests of long-term stability, to submit quickly legislative proposals on the future level of services, financing and governance of the GNSS programmes;
      • to include in the impact assessment to be performed in the framework of the upcoming legislative proposal clear and comprehensive information on: (i)the technical specifications (accuracy, geographical coverage, integrity, etc.) for the services (Open Services, Safety of Life, Commercial Services, Public Regulated Services) that the various Galileo satellite configurations could provide (including IOC and FOC, used in combination with other GNSS systems or on a stand-alone basis); (ii) the role of EGNOS services with regard to the various possible Galileo configurations and whether or not EGNOS should be kept in a FOC constellation; (iii) the costs of the possible Galileo and EGNOS configurations in terms of not just infrastructure investment but also management and contingency costs (including IOC, FOC and other possible options).

      On financing, the report states that Galileo and EGNOS, as European programmes owned by the EU which address a public interest at EU level, should mainly be financed through the EU budget. Alongside the contribution from the EU budget, all possible sources of financing should be investigated, including innovative forms of financing. Members emphasise that ad hoc, emergency budgetary solutions such as those seen in the past are likely to jeopardise the success and added value of such strategic, large-scale EU projects and undermine the political momentum around them. They suggests that a predetermined annual amount should be provided from the EU budget (for the financing of the remaining Galileo infrastructure as well as the operating costs), and want the Commission to present a detailed breakdown of the estimated financial needs by summer 2011. Members also ask the Commission to assess the possibility of establishing a 'Galileo reserve fund' to cover unexpected costs.

      The committee feels that the long-term governance and management structure of GNSS should address the division of tasks and responsibilities between the Commission, the GSA and the European Space Agency (ESA), as well as other relevant issues. It calls on the Commission to make swift progress with the ongoing reflection on future governance schemes for the operation of the system, to take responsibility for long-term operations and adaptation of the infrastructure, to ensure the delivery of continuous data and services to users, and to maximise opportunities for the development of commercial services. Members also stress the need for the long-term governance and management structure of GNSS to be fully transparent, noting that coordination with the Council and the European Parliament should take place on a regular basis. Lastly, they call on the Commission to establish mechanisms to ensure that GNSS based services comply with fundamental rights such as privacy and data protection.

    body
    EP
    committees
    type
    Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date
    2011-04-18
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2011-0165&language=EN
      type
      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
      title
      A7-0165/2011
    body
    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2011-04-18
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2011-0165&language=EN
      type
      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
      title
      A7-0165/2011
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2011-06-08
    docs
    body
    EP
    type
    Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
  • date
    2011-06-08
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/spdoc.do?i=20029&j=0&l=en
      type
      Commission response to text adopted in plenary
      title
      SP(2011)8071
    body
    EC
    commission
    • DG
      Mobility and Transport
      Commissioner
      KALLAS Siim
    type
    Commission response to text adopted in plenary
committees added
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    AFET
    date
    2010-01-21
    committee_full
    Foreign Affairs
    rapporteur
    • group
      S&D
      name
      KOPPA Maria Eleni
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    BUDG
    date
    2009-12-16
    committee_full
    Budgets
    rapporteur
    • group
      S&D
      name
      HERCZOG Edit
  • body
    EP
    shadows
    responsible
    True
    committee
    ITRE
    date
    2009-11-30
    committee_full
    Industry, Research and Energy
    rapporteur
    • group
      GUE/NGL
      name
      REMEK Vladimír
links added
other added
  • body
    EC
    dg
    Mobility and Transport
    commissioner
    KALLAS Siim
procedure added
dossier_of_the_committee
ITRE/7/01770
reference
2009/2226(INI)
title
Mid-term review of the European satellite navigation programmes: implementation assessment, future challenges and financing perspectives
legal_basis
  • Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 048
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Initiative
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject

code AGPLv3.0+, data ODBLv1.0, site-content CC-By-Sa-3.0
© European Union, 2011 – Source: European Parliament