2009/2204(INI)

Gender aspects of the economic downturn and financial crisis

Procedure completed

2009/2204(INI) Gender aspects of the economic downturn and financial crisis
RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead FEMM ROMEVA I RUEDA Raül (Verts/ALE)
Lead committee dossier: FEMM/7/01626
Legal Basis RoP 048
Subjects
Links

Activites

  • 2010/06/17 Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
    • T7-0231/2010 summary
    • Results of vote in Parliament
  • 2010/06/17 Commission response to text adopted in plenary
    • SP(2010)6508
    • DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, ANDOR László
  • 2010/06/15 Debate in Parliament
  • 2010/05/12 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2010/05/12 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2010/05/04 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2010/03/23 Deadline Amendments
  • 2010/02/26 Committee draft report
  • 2009/11/26 Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2009/11/19 EP officialisation

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
155 2009/2204(INI) Gender aspects of the economic downturn and financial crisis
2010/03/26 FEMM 144 amendments...
source: PE-439.983
2010/04/21 FEMM 11 amendments...
source: PE-441.029

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2012-02-09
activities added
  • body
    EP
    date
    2009-11-19
    type
    EP officialisation
  • date
    2009-11-26
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    Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
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      rapporteur
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        Verts/ALE
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        ROMEVA I RUEDA Raül
  • date
    2010-02-26
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE439.236
      type
      Committee draft report
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      PE439.236
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee draft report
  • body
    EP
    date
    2010-03-23
    type
    Deadline Amendments
  • date
    2010-05-04
    text
    • The Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality adopted the own-initiative report drafted by Raül ROMEVA i RUEDA (Greens/ALE, ES) on gender aspects of the economic downturn and financial crisis.

      Financial crisis: women more affected by men: the committee points out that equal treatment of women and men is one of the objectives of the EU and therefore one of the key principles in any policy response to the economic and financial crisis. It stresses the need to prevent the current financial and economic crisis, and future economic issues, endangering what has been achieved so far in the field of gender equality. The report states that women are more likely to be affected by the recession. Members stress the need to prevent the current financial and economic crisis, and future economic issues, endangering what has been achieved so far in the field of gender equality and to avoid the recession being used, as is already the case in some Member States, as an argument for scaling back gender equality measures. Member stress that, at the same time, the recession can be used as a unique opportunity to make economic and social policies more gender-inclusive and to move towards creating a more gender-equal society.

      Hidden costs of the crisis: the report points out that women's integration into the workplace in recent decades means not only a greater direct impact of the crisis on women themselves but also on households, where incomes will be significantly affected by female job losses. It invites the European Union institutions and the Member States to take into account the hidden cost of the crisis, including the different and often unacknowledged gendered consequences. It also highlights that macro-economic policies are predominantly associated with an increase in the gender segregation of labour, destabilisation of women's employment through subcontracting, increases in the gender pay gap, reduction in women's access to health and education, increased inequality in access to credit, land and property, and deepening of the feminisation of poverty. It recalls that wage differentials between women and men persist and are liable to be aggravated by the economic and financial crisis. Members call on the European Institutions and the Member States to adopt clear objectives and propose binding measures to combat wage differentials. The Commission is urged to submit a legislative proposal on the revision of the existing legislation relating to the application of the principle of equal pay for men and women. They also emphasise the need to reduce the pay gap to 0-5% by 2020 by adopting a zero tolerance approach through application of sanctions.

      Female unemployment: regretting that many women have already lost or are expected to lose their jobs, Members also highlight a decrease in earnings among self-employed women workers (especially those in the agricultural and rural sectors). Although women's employment in the EU is close to meeting the target of 60% in 2010, there is a need to set a more ambitious target of 75% by 2020. Members stress that female unemployment can be expected to rise disproportionately as public sector budget cuts are announced, since women are disproportionately employed in education, health and social services.

      In parallel, Members emphasise the positive effect that gender equality has for economic growth. They point out that some studies estimate that if employment, part-time employment and productivity rates for women were similar to those for men, GDP would increase by 30%. Members call on the Commission to bring forward legislation specifically aimed at SMEs to fulfil its objective of reducing administrative burdens on business by 25% by 2012 to help foster this entrepreneurial spirit.

      Helping the most vulnerable women: the crisis will have the worst effect on vulnerable groups of women: disabled women, immigrant women, women from ethnic minorities, women with few qualifications, women who are long-term unemployed, single women without means and women caring for dependents, etc. The report points out that the lack of care policies and infrastructure has led to an increase in female migrant domestic workers filling these gaps in private homes without access to social and work-related protection and benefits. It calls on the Member States to urgently combat illegal employment and integrate legal migrant workers into social security and healthcare schemes. Members call on the Member States to urgently combat illegal employment and integrate legal migrant workers into social security and healthcare schemes.

      Combating stereotypes: Members reiterate the need to combat stereotypes in all walks and at all stages of life, since these are one of the most persistent causes of inequality between men and women in affecting their choices in the field of education, training and employment, the distribution of domestic and family responsibilities, participation in public life and participation and representation in decision-making positions, and in their choices regarding the labour market.

      Women and decision-making: the Commission and the Member States are asked to improve women's participation at all levels of decision-making, especially in the areas of budgeting and of governance arrangements for European financial systems, including the European Central Bank. In this context, Members stress the need to promote financial literacy for girls and women. They welcome the Norwegian Government's decision to increase the number of women on the boards of public limited companies to at least 40 %, which has made it possible to raise the proportion of women on boards to the current figure of 41%. They call on the Commission and the Member States to take the Norwegian initiative as a positive example and move in the same direction for listed companies. The report welcomes the need for increasing the number of women on boards of public limited companies, but stresses that national governments should take action which is appropriate to their own needs. The committee asks the European institutions, the Member States and the local and regional authorities to take effective steps, notably through legislation, to encourage gender balance in corporate and political positions of responsibility, including on boards of directors, and in local, regional, national and European public institutions, administrations and organisations, etc.

      Developing more affordable care: Members call on the Council, the Commission and the Member States to analyse and counteract the negative effects of reductions in public spending and social benefits, especially in the context of cuts in public spending at local level, in order to ensure that women are not left with a disproportionate burden of care (children, the elderly, and dependent persons). They call on the Member States to develop affordable, accessible and quality care services for children and other dependants, in line with the European targets, and to ensure that the availability of those services is compatible with women and men's full-time working schedules. They urge the Commission and the Member States to fully capitalise on the potential of the Structural Funds and of the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and to facilitate access to the financing of quality services.

      Raising awareness on violence against women: pointing out that violence against women and men increases in times of economic upheaval, Members encourage the Member States to use national legislation to address all forms of gender-based violence and welcomes the Spanish Presidency's initiative to set up an Observatory on Violence against Women.

      Mobilising the European Funds for women: Members call for the full mobilisation of the Structural Funds to address the effects of recession. They call for the EAFRD Regulation to be amended to enable proactive measures to be taken in support of women in the 2014-2020 programming period, which was possible in previous periods but not in the current one, and which will have very beneficial effects on women's employment in rural areas. They invite the Council, the Commission and the Member States to set up a financial reserve within each Fund for equal opportunity activities.

      Mobilising women in 'green jobs':in the light of the EU 2020 Strategy, the 'green economy' is crucial. Members underline the fact that 'green jobs' have the potential to become a key growth segment of the future European labour market, that today more than 20 million jobs in the European Union can be considered as 'green' and that recent evidence shows that jobs in the renewable energy sector alone have a potential to double to 2.8 million by 2020. The ecological conversion of the economy and the transition to a low-carbon economy will create a huge demand for skilled workers. The report refers to the fact that female workers are strongly under-represented in the renewables sector and especially in science and technology-intensive jobs. Therefore, it asks the Council, the Commission and the Member States to make sure that female workers are included more in training projects and programmes on ecological transformation, i.e. in the renewable sector, science and technology-intensive jobs.

      Members call on the Commission, the Council and the Member States to take the necessary steps to mainstream the gender perspective into all EU policies and to review the existing legislation so as to ensure that gender equality is correctly applied and that positive discrimination measures can be applied where these are necessary.

      Lastly, Members urge the Commission to propose a directive on paternity, adoption and filial leave.

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      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
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      A7-0155/2010
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    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2010-06-15
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    Debate in Parliament
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    2010-06-17
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    Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
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    2010-06-17
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    Commission response to text adopted in plenary
committees added
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    True
    committee
    FEMM
    date
    2009-11-04
    committee_full
    Women’s Rights and Gender Equality
    rapporteur
    • group
      Verts/ALE
      name
      ROMEVA I RUEDA Raül
links added
other added
  • body
    EC
    dg
    Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
    commissioner
    ANDOR László
procedure added
dossier_of_the_committee
FEMM/7/01626
reference
2009/2204(INI)
title
Gender aspects of the economic downturn and financial crisis
legal_basis
  • Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 048
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Initiative
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject

code AGPLv3.0+, data ODBLv1.0, site-content CC-By-Sa-3.0
© European Union, 2011 – Source: European Parliament