2006/2113(INI)

A European strategy for sustainable, competitive and secure energy. Green paper

Procedure completed

2006/2113(INI) A European strategy for sustainable, competitive and secure energy. Green paper
RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Opinion AFET ZIELENIEC Josef (PPE-DE)
Opinion DEVE WIJKMAN Anders (PPE-DE)
Opinion ECON EHLER Christian (PPE-DE)
Opinion ENVI TZAMPAZI Evangelia (PSE)
Opinion INTA MARKOV Helmuth (GUE/NGL)
Lead ITRE MORGAN Eluned (PSE)
Opinion REGI VLASÁK Oldřich (PPE-DE)
Opinion TRAN TAKKULA Hannu (ALDE)
Lead committee dossier: ITRE/6/35117
Legal Basis RoP 048
Subjects
Links

Activites

  • 2006/12/14 Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
    • T6-0603/2006 summary
    • Results of vote in Parliament
  • 2006/12/14 Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • 2006/12/11 Resolution/conclusions adopted by Council
  • #2770
  • 2006/12/11 Council Meeting
  • 2006/11/28 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2006/11/28 Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • 2006/11/23 Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2006/11/16 Document attached to the procedure
  • 2006/09/19 Committee draft report
  • #2736
  • 2006/06/12 Council Meeting
  • 2006/06/08 Resolution/conclusions adopted by Council
  • #2735
  • 2006/06/08 Council Meeting
  • 2006/05/18 Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • 2006/03/08 Non-legislative basic document published
    • COM(2006)0105 summary
  • 2006/03/08 Non-legislative basic document
    • COM(2006)0105 summary
    • DG Energy and Transport, PIEBALGS Andris

Documents

Votes

Rapport Morgan A6-0426/2006 - am. 9

2006/12/14
Position Total ALDE GUE/NGL IND/DEM ITS NI PPE-DE PSE UEN Verts/ALE correctional
For 224 25 2 5 1 3 181 5 2 0 0
Against 228 24 23 5 0 3 16 116 8 33 0
Abstain 58 9 1 0 5 2 11 19 10 1 0

Rapport Morgan A6-0426/2006 - par. 37/1

2006/12/14
Position Total ALDE GUE/NGL IND/DEM ITS NI PPE-DE PSE UEN Verts/ALE correctional
For 479 58 20 5 2 7 190 144 21 32 0
Against 16 1 3 4 0 1 7 0 0 0 0
Abstain 8 0 3 0 3 0 1 0 0 1 0

Rapport Morgan A6-0426/2006 - par. 37/2

2006/12/14
Position Total ALDE GUE/NGL IND/DEM ITS NI PPE-DE PSE UEN Verts/ALE correctional
For 260 54 13 0 1 4 13 141 1 33 0
Against 236 4 12 9 3 4 185 0 19 0 0
Abstain 3 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

2012-02-09
activities added
  • date
    2006-03-08
    docs
    • url
      http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2006&nu_doc=0105
      text
      • PURPOSE:  the presentation of a European Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy.

        CONTENT: the numerous and diverse energy challenges facing the European Union are the driving force behind the Commission's preparation of this Green Paper entitled "A European Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy". In essence the Green Paper challenges the Member States, industry and interested parties to consider whether the EU is ready to develop a common European Energy Policy based on a common approach and articulated with a common voice. The proposed European energy policy would be based on three core objectives:

        1) sustainability:  including developing competitive renewable sources of energy, seeking alternative transport fuels, curbing energy demand in Europe and heading global efforts to halt climate change.

        2) competitiveness: opening up the energy markets, stimulating investment in clean energy production and energy efficiency, mitigating the impact of higher international energy prices in the EU economy and securing Europe's position as a cutting edge leader in the development of energy technologies.

        3) security of supply: tackling the EU's rising dependence on imported energy through an integrated approach and to diversify sources of supply of imported energy.

        To realise these three objectives, six priority areas have been identified backed up by some twenty concrete suggestions for possible new action. In summary the six priority actions and measures are:

        i) Completing the internal European electricity and gas markets. The Green Paper emphasises the importance of opening up the energy markets, the lack of which weakens the European energy market thereby feeding higher consumer prices. A truly competitive single European electricity and gas market, argues the paper, will bring down prices, improve security of supply and boost competitiveness. Market opening helps the environment as companies react to competition by closing energy inefficient plants. Much work has been done to open up Europe's energy markets but, suggests the Green Paper, more can be done. Concretely speaking future actions should include the establishment of a European grid, strengthening interconnection between the Member States, boosting investment in the EU's ageing generation capacity, offering a level-playing field for unbundling and giving impetus to the competitiveness of the EU's energy industry.

        ii) An internal energy market that guarantees security of supply through Member State solidarity. The physical security of Europe's energy infrastructure, against risks from natural catastrophe and terrorist threat, as well as security against political risks, is critical. It requires the development of smart electricity networks, demand management and distributed energy generation, all of which could help at times of sudden shortage. Future action in this field should concentrate on the establishment of a "European Energy Supply Observatory"; a "European Centre for Energy Network" and the development of mechanisms to prepare for and ensure rapid solidarity and possible assistance to a country facing difficulties. This priority heading also requires a radical rethinking of the EU's approach to emergency oil and gas stocks and ways in which to prevent their disruptions. Possible proposals under this heading include a new legislative proposal concerning gas stocks designed to ensure that the EU can react to short term emergency gas supply disruptions.

        iii) Towards a more sustainable, efficient and diverse energy mix. Key to this heading is the proposed "Strategic EU Energy Review". Its development would offer the EU a clear framework for national decisions on their "energy mix". The review would analyse and sum up both the advantages and disadvantages of various energy sources - from indigenous renewable energy sources such as wind, biomass and biofuels, small hydro energy efficiencies through to coal and nuclear power. Taken as a whole the Review would consider what knock-on effects the energy mix has on the EU as a whole. The Green Paper also suggests that agreement may need to be found on an overall energy objective, which balances the goals of sustainable energy use, competitiveness and security of supply. One objective, for example, might be to aim for a minimum level of overall EU energy mix originating from secure and low-carbon energy sources.

        iv) An integrated approach to tackling climate change. Effective action to address climate change is urgent. The EU is already at the forefront of approaches to decouple economic growth from increasing energy consumption. An effective energy efficiency policy does not mean sacrificing comfort or convenience. To date the EU has been effective in encouraging greater energy efficiency. It proposes continuing to do so with the presentation, in the course of 2006, of an "Action Plan on Energy Efficiency". In other areas, this priority heading seeks to increase the use of renewable energy sources and continue investing in carbon capture and geological storage all of which help tackle climate change.

        v) Encouraging innovation through a strategic European energy technology plan.

        The EU needs an appropriately resourced strategic energy technology plan. As such the EU needs to consider ways to finance a more strategic approach to energy research and to take further steps towards integrating and co-ordinating Community and national research programmes.

        vi) Towards a coherent external energy policy. According to the Green Paper, the energy challenges facing Europe need a coherent external policy to allow Europe to play a more effective international role in tackling common problems. A coherent external policy is essential if the EU is to deliver a sustainable, competitive and secure energy policy. As a first step, the Commission proposes, the establishment of an EU "External Energy Policy" defined through the aforementioned Strategic EU Energy Review. The External Energy Policy would offer a single reference point allowing the EU "to speak with one voice". The policy goals envisioned refer to: a clear policy on securing and diversifying energy supplies; entering into energy partnerships with producers, transit countries and other international actors; entering into dialogue with major energy producers and suppliers (such as Russia); developing a pan-European Energy Community with the EU's neighbouring countries (such as Turkey and the Ukraine); reacting effectively to external crises and raising the profile of energy in the EU's development strategy.

        To conclude, the Green Paper points out that each Member State must make its own energy choices based on national preferences. However, in a world of global interdependence, energy policy, unavoidably, has a European dimension. The Green Paper has identified six key areas where action is necessary. The most fundamental question is whether there is agreement on the need to develop a new, common European strategy for energy and whether sustainability, competitiveness and security should be the core principles to underpin this strategy.

        To help address these questions the Green Paper poses, in summary, the following questions:

        -          in terms of competitiveness - is there agreement on the need for a genuine single market to support a common European strategy for energy?

        -          in terms of diversifying the EU's energy mix - what should the EU do to ensure that Europe promotes climate friendly energy supplies?

        -          in terms of solidarity - what measures are needed at a Community level to prevent energy supply crises from developing?

        -          in terms of sustainable development - how can a common European energy strategy best address climate change with security of supply?

        -          in terns of innovation and technology - what action should be taken to ensure that Europe retains in global position in energy technologies?

        -          in terms of external policy - should there be a "common external policy on energy".

        Based on the replies received, as well as the conclusions of the European Council and Parliament, the Commission will prepare proposals for more concrete measures.

      title
      COM(2006)0105
      type
      Non-legislative basic document published
      celexid
      CELEX:52006DC0105:EN
    body
    type
    Non-legislative basic document published
  • date
    2006-03-08
    docs
    • url
      http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2006&nu_doc=0105
      text
      • PURPOSE:  the presentation of a European Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy.

        CONTENT: the numerous and diverse energy challenges facing the European Union are the driving force behind the Commission's preparation of this Green Paper entitled "A European Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy". In essence the Green Paper challenges the Member States, industry and interested parties to consider whether the EU is ready to develop a common European Energy Policy based on a common approach and articulated with a common voice. The proposed European energy policy would be based on three core objectives:

        1) sustainability:  including developing competitive renewable sources of energy, seeking alternative transport fuels, curbing energy demand in Europe and heading global efforts to halt climate change.

        2) competitiveness: opening up the energy markets, stimulating investment in clean energy production and energy efficiency, mitigating the impact of higher international energy prices in the EU economy and securing Europe's position as a cutting edge leader in the development of energy technologies.

        3) security of supply: tackling the EU's rising dependence on imported energy through an integrated approach and to diversify sources of supply of imported energy.

        To realise these three objectives, six priority areas have been identified backed up by some twenty concrete suggestions for possible new action. In summary the six priority actions and measures are:

        i) Completing the internal European electricity and gas markets. The Green Paper emphasises the importance of opening up the energy markets, the lack of which weakens the European energy market thereby feeding higher consumer prices. A truly competitive single European electricity and gas market, argues the paper, will bring down prices, improve security of supply and boost competitiveness. Market opening helps the environment as companies react to competition by closing energy inefficient plants. Much work has been done to open up Europe's energy markets but, suggests the Green Paper, more can be done. Concretely speaking future actions should include the establishment of a European grid, strengthening interconnection between the Member States, boosting investment in the EU's ageing generation capacity, offering a level-playing field for unbundling and giving impetus to the competitiveness of the EU's energy industry.

        ii) An internal energy market that guarantees security of supply through Member State solidarity. The physical security of Europe's energy infrastructure, against risks from natural catastrophe and terrorist threat, as well as security against political risks, is critical. It requires the development of smart electricity networks, demand management and distributed energy generation, all of which could help at times of sudden shortage. Future action in this field should concentrate on the establishment of a "European Energy Supply Observatory"; a "European Centre for Energy Network" and the development of mechanisms to prepare for and ensure rapid solidarity and possible assistance to a country facing difficulties. This priority heading also requires a radical rethinking of the EU's approach to emergency oil and gas stocks and ways in which to prevent their disruptions. Possible proposals under this heading include a new legislative proposal concerning gas stocks designed to ensure that the EU can react to short term emergency gas supply disruptions.

        iii) Towards a more sustainable, efficient and diverse energy mix. Key to this heading is the proposed "Strategic EU Energy Review". Its development would offer the EU a clear framework for national decisions on their "energy mix". The review would analyse and sum up both the advantages and disadvantages of various energy sources - from indigenous renewable energy sources such as wind, biomass and biofuels, small hydro energy efficiencies through to coal and nuclear power. Taken as a whole the Review would consider what knock-on effects the energy mix has on the EU as a whole. The Green Paper also suggests that agreement may need to be found on an overall energy objective, which balances the goals of sustainable energy use, competitiveness and security of supply. One objective, for example, might be to aim for a minimum level of overall EU energy mix originating from secure and low-carbon energy sources.

        iv) An integrated approach to tackling climate change. Effective action to address climate change is urgent. The EU is already at the forefront of approaches to decouple economic growth from increasing energy consumption. An effective energy efficiency policy does not mean sacrificing comfort or convenience. To date the EU has been effective in encouraging greater energy efficiency. It proposes continuing to do so with the presentation, in the course of 2006, of an "Action Plan on Energy Efficiency". In other areas, this priority heading seeks to increase the use of renewable energy sources and continue investing in carbon capture and geological storage all of which help tackle climate change.

        v) Encouraging innovation through a strategic European energy technology plan.

        The EU needs an appropriately resourced strategic energy technology plan. As such the EU needs to consider ways to finance a more strategic approach to energy research and to take further steps towards integrating and co-ordinating Community and national research programmes.

        vi) Towards a coherent external energy policy. According to the Green Paper, the energy challenges facing Europe need a coherent external policy to allow Europe to play a more effective international role in tackling common problems. A coherent external policy is essential if the EU is to deliver a sustainable, competitive and secure energy policy. As a first step, the Commission proposes, the establishment of an EU "External Energy Policy" defined through the aforementioned Strategic EU Energy Review. The External Energy Policy would offer a single reference point allowing the EU "to speak with one voice". The policy goals envisioned refer to: a clear policy on securing and diversifying energy supplies; entering into energy partnerships with producers, transit countries and other international actors; entering into dialogue with major energy producers and suppliers (such as Russia); developing a pan-European Energy Community with the EU's neighbouring countries (such as Turkey and the Ukraine); reacting effectively to external crises and raising the profile of energy in the EU's development strategy.

        To conclude, the Green Paper points out that each Member State must make its own energy choices based on national preferences. However, in a world of global interdependence, energy policy, unavoidably, has a European dimension. The Green Paper has identified six key areas where action is necessary. The most fundamental question is whether there is agreement on the need to develop a new, common European strategy for energy and whether sustainability, competitiveness and security should be the core principles to underpin this strategy.

        To help address these questions the Green Paper poses, in summary, the following questions:

        -          in terms of competitiveness - is there agreement on the need for a genuine single market to support a common European strategy for energy?

        -          in terms of diversifying the EU's energy mix - what should the EU do to ensure that Europe promotes climate friendly energy supplies?

        -          in terms of solidarity - what measures are needed at a Community level to prevent energy supply crises from developing?

        -          in terms of sustainable development - how can a common European energy strategy best address climate change with security of supply?

        -          in terns of innovation and technology - what action should be taken to ensure that Europe retains in global position in energy technologies?

        -          in terms of external policy - should there be a "common external policy on energy".

        Based on the replies received, as well as the conclusions of the European Council and Parliament, the Commission will prepare proposals for more concrete measures.

      title
      COM(2006)0105
      type
      Non-legislative basic document
      celexid
      CELEX:52006DC0105:EN
    body
    EC
    commission
    • DG
      Energy and Transport
      Commissioner
      PIEBALGS Andris
    type
    Non-legislative basic document
  • date
    2006-05-18
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
    committees
  • date
    2006-06-08
    text
    • In its conclusion on the sustainability of energy production and consumption : promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy, the Council welcomes and supports the overall approach of the Commission's ambitious Action Plan for Energy Efficiency. The successful implementation of the recommendations in the Commission's Action Plan also requires a continued and strengthened focus on R&D on energy efficiency in the context of the Seventh Research and Development Framework Programme (2007-2013), in the context of the energy component of the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) as well as in the context of the overall CIP.

      More attention and effort should be devoted to the translation of R&D results into energy-efficient products and services on the market and to the demonstration of these products and services.

      Legislation which discourages the promotion of energy efficiency should be reviewed and amended as appropriate. Given the need to ensure adequate resources from all those involved in the development of the proposals of the Action Plan on energy efficiency and their implementation, the Commission should seek to ensure that adequate resources are available in accordance with applicable budgetary rules and within its overall budget.

      At the end of the debate, the Presidency underlined the following ideas that emerged from the debate:

      §         There is a consensus that energy efficiency and renewable energies form a key component of energy policy - at both national and European level.

      §         Energy efficiency and cost-effective use of renewable energy sources enhance competitiveness and security of supply.

      §         There is a need to promote and facilitate investments into cost-effective energy efficiency measures. Governments and the financial sector should cooperate in developing innovative funding tools.

      §         There is large agreement on the need to raise awareness, through education, training, demonstration, feedback on energy consumption, etc., and focusing on groups such as SMEs, public authorities, children, etc. This is mainly a task for national, regional and local authorities.

      §         As regards the use of renewable energy sources, delegations agreed that this should be increased, since the use of renewable energy sources reduces greenhouse gas emissions and the Community's dependence on external sources of energy.

      §         R&D programmes at all levels should contribute to the development of new and improved technology, with a view to making renewable energies competitive.

      §         The large investment required in renewable energy needs a stable and predictable long-term regulatory framework. Policy makers should ensure this.

      §         On international cooperation on energy efficiency and renewable energy, a Community initiative for an international framework agreement was generally supported in principle, even though concerns and questions as to the precise content of such an initiative must be addressed.

    body
    type
    Resolution/conclusions adopted by Council
  • date
    2006-06-08
    body
    CSL
    type
    Council Meeting
    council
    Transport, Telecommunications and Energy
    meeting_id
    2735
  • body
    CSL
    meeting_id
    2736
    text
    • The Council agreed on the review of the EU sustainable development strategy (SDS) with a view to its adoption by the European Council at its meeting on 15-16 June 2006.

      The document sets out a single strategy on how the EU will more effectively live up to its longstanding commitment in meeting the challenges of sustainable development. It reaffirms the need for global solidarity and recognises the importance of strengthening work with partners outside the EU.

      The overall aim of the renewed EU SDS is to identify and develop actions to enable the EU to achieve continuous improvement of the quality of life for current and for future generations, through the creation of sustainable communities able to manage and use resources efficiently and to tap the ecological and social innovation potential of the economy, ensuring prosperity, environmental protection and social cohesion.

      The strategy focuses on seven priority areas for action: climate change and clean energy; sustainable transport; sustainable consumption and production; conservation and management of natural resources; public health; social inclusion, demography and migration; and global poverty and sustainable development challenges.

    council
    General Affairs
    date
    2006-06-12
    type
    Council Meeting
  • date
    2006-09-19
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE378.549
      type
      Committee draft report
      title
      PE378.549
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee draft report
  • date
    2006-11-16
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2006/1500/COM_SEC(2006)1500_EN.pdf
      type
      Document attached to the procedure
      title
      SEC(2006)1500
    body
    EC
    commission
    • DG
      Energy and Transport
      Commissioner
      PIEBALGS Andris
    type
    Document attached to the procedure
  • date
    2006-11-23
    body
    EP
    type
    Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
    committees
  • date
    2006-11-28
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2006-0426&language=EN
      type
      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
      title
      A6-0426/2006
    body
    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2006-11-28
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2006-0426&language=EN
      type
      Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
      title
      A6-0426/2006
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date
    2006-12-11
    body
    type
    Resolution/conclusions adopted by Council
  • date
    2006-12-11
    body
    CSL
    type
    Council Meeting
    council
    General Affairs
    meeting_id
    2770
  • date
    2006-12-14
    docs
    body
    EP
    type
    Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
  • date
    2006-12-14
    docs
    body
    EC
    commission
    • DG
      Energy and Transport
      Commissioner
      PIEBALGS Andris
    type
    Commission response to text adopted in plenary
committees added
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    AFET
    date
    2006-06-21
    committee_full
    Foreign Affairs
    rapporteur
    • group
      PPE-DE
      name
      ZIELENIEC Josef
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    DEVE
    date
    2006-07-11
    committee_full
    Development
    rapporteur
    • group
      PPE-DE
      name
      WIJKMAN Anders
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    ECON
    date
    2006-05-18
    committee_full
    Economic and Monetary Affairs
    rapporteur
    • group
      PPE-DE
      name
      EHLER Christian
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    ENVI
    date
    2006-05-16
    committee_full
    Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
    rapporteur
    • group
      PSE
      name
      TZAMPAZI Evangelia
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    INTA
    date
    2006-04-18
    committee_full
    International Trade
    rapporteur
    • group
      GUE/NGL
      name
      MARKOV Helmuth
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    True
    committee
    ITRE
    date
    2006-03-20
    committee_full
    Industry, Research and Energy
    rapporteur
    • group
      PSE
      name
      MORGAN Eluned
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    REGI
    date
    2006-07-11
    committee_full
    Regional Development
    rapporteur
    • group
      PPE-DE
      name
      VLASÁK Oldřich
  • body
    EP
    responsible
    False
    committee
    TRAN
    date
    2006-03-21
    committee_full
    Transport and Tourism
    rapporteur
    • group
      ALDE
      name
      TAKKULA Hannu
links added
other added
  • body
    EC
    dg
    Energy and Transport
    commissioner
    PIEBALGS Andris
procedure added
dossier_of_the_committee
ITRE/6/35117
reference
2006/2113(INI)
title
A European strategy for sustainable, competitive and secure energy. Green paper
legal_basis
  • Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 048
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Strategic initiative
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject

code AGPLv3.0+, data ODBLv1.0, site-content CC-By-Sa-3.0
© European Union, 2011 – Source: European Parliament